Why can’t Yujian Popular Science see the sun after taking some medicines?

I heard that sun exposure can cause adverse drug reactions? Some drugs can’t see the sun after taking them, so they need to "avoid the light"? Summer is coming. In order to prevent people from being inadvertently poisoned by "photosensitivity", today I will tell you what this is all about.

What is the photosensitive reaction?

Some drugs, after being taken, can cause allergic reaction of human body under the stimulation of light, which is called photosensitive reaction. Its symptoms are similar to solar dermatitis or sunburn rash, such as erythema and edema, accompanied by itching and burning pain; Or pigmentation occurs, and in severe cases there are blisters or erosive ulcers.

Photosensitive reactions include phototoxic reactions and phototoxic reactions. Phototoxic reaction has nothing to do with the autoimmune system, and can occur in anyone without incubation period. Generally, it can occur within a few minutes to a few hours after the first drug is irradiated by sunlight, mostly at the exposed site. After stopping the drug or avoiding light, the reaction can quickly subside. Photoallergic reaction is a kind of delayed allergic reaction related to the autoimmune system, which can be triggered by a small dose of light or weak sunlight. It usually occurs in a small number of allergic people, with a incubation period of 24 ~ 48 hours, and symptoms can occur all over the body, not just in the exposed parts. This kind of reaction lasts for a long time and can develop into a chronic and persistent photosensitive reaction.

What drugs can cause photosensitive reactions?

There are many drugs that can cause photosensitive reaction. Here are some common drugs.

Quinolone antibiotics: including sparfloxacin, lomefloxacin, ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, ofloxacin, levofloxacin, etc. It is clearly pointed out in the instructions of levofloxacin capsules that after exposure to sunlight or ultraviolet rays, moderate to severe photosensitive/phototoxic reactions will occur, which can be manifested as excessive sunburn reaction, so excessive exposure to light sources should be avoided. In order to reduce the adverse reactions of such drugs, it is generally recommended to take drugs every night.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: including aspirin, ibuprofen, diclofenac sodium, meloxicam, piroxicam, sulfasalazine, etc. Such drugs can cause photosensitive/phototoxic reactions, and once they occur, they should be stopped immediately.

Cardiovascular drugs: Nifedipine, Nimodipine, Amiodarone, Captopril, Benazepril, Enalapril, Indapamide, Valsartan, Losartan, etc. can cause photosensitive reaction. These drugs are generally chronic diseases and need to be taken for a long time. Therefore, patients need to strengthen safety awareness and avoid excessive sun exposure or exposure to light sources during medication.

Sulfonylurea hypoglycemic drugs: including glibenclamide, glimepiride, glipizide, etc. Such drugs can cause photo-allergic reactions. Diabetic patients should also pay attention to the adverse reactions of such drugs if they take them for a long time.

Other drugs: including tetracycline drugs (minocycline, doxycycline, etc.), sulfonamides, anti-tuberculosis drugs (pyrazinamide), digestive system drugs (ranitidine, omeprazole, pantoprazole, etc.), antidepressants (fluoxetine), retinoic acid (isotretinoin), etc.

How to prevent photosensitive reaction?

If you use the above drugs, you should pay attention to sun protection during the medication and at least 5 days after stopping the drug; Try to avoid traveling during periods of strong sunshine. In the event of a rash or skin reaction, you can immediately stop taking medicine or sunscreen, and at the same time, cold compress the red, swollen and hot parts. If the symptoms are still not relieved, go to the dermatology department in time.

Authors: The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Liu Chong, Chen Chengqun and Shi Xiangfen.

Reporting/feedback

Yuan Longping’s sports life: he loves swimming and playing volleyball, and won the swimming championship in Wuhan.

"In order not to be bullied by others, the country must be strong." Yuan Longping has closely linked his personal future with the national interests since he was a child. Before becoming an agronomist, he once thought about joining the army to serve the country and had the dream of saving the country through sports. Throughout his life, Yuan Longping was a sports enthusiast, once won the swimming championship in Wuhan, loved playing volleyball and even refused to join the senior team. And sports also gave Yuan Longping a strong body, so that he can still appear in the fields at the age of 90.
In an interview, when asked how to maintain a good physical and mental state in scientific research, Yuan Longping gave a simple answer-sports. "Sports are beneficial in all aspects and have a role. As the saying goes, the body is the capital of the revolution, and a good body is also the basis for all work."
Yuan Longping once proudly told reporters: "I liked to exercise when I was young, and the swimming competition was the first in Wuhan!"
As early as during the Anti-Japanese War, Yuan Longping, who was only 8 years old, accidentally fell into the water on his way from Hankou to Taoyuan County, Hunan Province with his parents. Fortunately, he was rescued by an old boatman in time. From that day on, young Yuan Longping was determined to learn to swim, even to save people in the water.
After school, Yuan Longping exchanged skills with a master swimmer, and Yuan Longping was responsible for teaching him to solve math problems, in exchange for swimming teaching. According to the memories of Yuan Longping’s classmates at that time, Yuan Longping learned to swim quickly, and he was able to swim across the Yangtze River in only one year, so that when he was young, he went to the other side of the river to watch movies. In order to save money, he almost never took a boat, but swam with his clothes on his head and put them on.
Since the age of 16, Yuan Longping has been a great swimmer in Wuhan No.4 Middle School. He has won the swimming champion in Wuhan, the runner-up in the 100-meter freestyle in Hubei Province and the swimming champion after entering Southwest Agricultural College.
Because of his superb swimming skills, Yuan Longping once went to Chengdu to participate in the competition on behalf of East Sichuan, but he only finished fourth because of his bad stomach. The top three players were all selected into the national team, which may make China lose a swimmer, but make China gain a world-renowned hybrid rice expert.
After work, Yuan Longping insisted on swimming wherever there was water, whether in Yuanshui, near Anjiang Agricultural School, the seaside natural swimming pool on Hainan Island, or Xiangjiang River near the Provincial Academy of Agricultural Sciences. This habit persisted until he was 70 years old.
In an interview during the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, Yuan Longping even joked: "Phelps won the gold medal in Beijing and broke the record, but if I go to the competition, maybe he will not be so relaxed!"
Besides keen on swimming, Yuan Longping also loves playing volleyball. There is a volleyball court in front of his residence in Hunan Academy of Agricultural Sciences. As long as the weather is good, he often appears on the court after dinner and plays soft volleyball with the retired staff of the Academy of Agricultural Sciences.
However, due to his age, Yuan Lao himself felt: "I am playing volleyball everyday now, but I am too old to play."
Yuan Longping also served as honorary chairman of Hunan Volleyball Association, during which he personally kicked off a number of public welfare activities. In 2011, he went to Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences for academic exchange and led a team to play a volleyball friendly match.
Yuan Longping also regards scientific research in the field as a good way to exercise. He believes that working in the fields can breathe fresh air and fully enjoy the sun, which is beneficial to health.
Tap dancing is another specialty of Yuan Longping, and he likes it for a simple reason. "That kind of dance is fast-paced, free and free, and the mood can be relaxed very well." Doing broadcast gymnastics every morning is a sport that the elderly can’t shake.
Except for a little gastritis, Yuan Longping has always been in good health. For this reason, Yuan Longping often said that he has an age of 80, a body of 50, a heart of 30 and a muscle of 20. It is precisely because of years of exercise that in 2008, at the age of 78, he was elected as the No.001 torchbearer of the Beijing Olympic Games.
When it comes to physical strength, Yuan Lao himself is full of confidence. "I like to play sports and run a distance. Physical strength should be affordable."
The staff next to Yuan Longping said: "Academician Yuan can become an Olympic torchbearer, not because of his social status, but more because of an old man’s long-term love and persistence in sports."
On New Year’s Day in 2020, 90-year-old Yuan Longping also sent a message to young people: Pay attention to your health, and exercise more in 2020, and you will be healthy. Just like 90-year-old Yuan Lao said to himself, "This is the real post-90s generation".
Upstream News chongqing morning post reporter Tang Hao
Reporting/feedback

The wind of making up lessons outside school is prevalent, and the recruitment of "pinching the top" should be real.

  Recently, this newspaper has received reports from parents of primary and secondary school students in some places that some middle schools organize examinations and selection through off-campus training institutions in the process of upgrading from primary school to junior high school. The school’s "pinch-top" enrollment forces primary school students to participate in various extracurricular classes in the fourth and fifth grades, and the wind of making up classes outside the school is prevalent. The reporter conducted interviews and surveys in major cities.

  Xiaoshengchu illegally recruited students, and in some places, less than half of primary school graduates participated in computer allocation.

  "Since the fifth grade, my son has no weekends, no winter and summer vacations. When the school is on holiday, we are all making up lessons. " Recently, Li Yun of Hohhot, Inner Mongolia, is going to take his son who graduated from primary school to travel. Li Yun told reporters that this is her "reward" for her son. In this year’s junior high school exam, his son was admitted to Qixiu Campus of the Municipal Experimental Education Group.

  When it comes to junior high school education in Hohhot, the experimental middle school is the most famous, with five campuses, three of which are public and two are private, collectively known as Hohhot Experimental Education Group. In recent years, the state has vigorously promoted the balanced development of compulsory education. The public campus of experimental middle schools mainly relies on computers to recruit students, which makes two private branch schools of experimental middle schools that can enroll students independently increasingly sought after. Li Yun’s children are one of them.

  Compulsory education is free of entrance examination, so why can the experimental middle school branch organize "pinching the top" recruitment? Qu Huihua, president of the Experimental Education Group, said: "The education department allows them to enroll students, but they are not allowed to take exams. At present, the personnel and finance of these two campuses, including enrollment, are carried out independently. They can enroll students independently and will not communicate with me. I don’t ask how they enroll students, and I don’t know how to operate. "

  In the investigation, the reporter found that some places turned a deaf ear to the provisions of the Ministry of Education on the simultaneous enrollment of private compulsory education schools and public schools. In many cities, private schools have been the first to recruit students for many years in a row, while public schools have been the last to assign computers.

  In another provincial capital city, at the end of last year, the Education Bureau issued a notice that public junior high schools are free of examination and allocated to schools nearby or relatively nearby, but private junior high schools adopt the method of "computer random allocation+independent enrollment". The best two or three local junior high schools are run by the local people, and "self-enrollment" is allowed. Many parents can only take their children to various remedial classes for their children’s future.

  A student’s parents told the reporter: "I learned that there are entrance exams in junior high schools, both public and private, and the exams in private junior high schools are more difficult." Her daughter entered the public middle school because she didn’t pass the entrance examination of the private middle school.

  The reporter’s investigation in Hohhot found that if the candidates took the private school exam and were admitted, and wanted to participate in the computer allocation of public schools again, they would be deprived of the qualification of the senior high school entrance examination, and they would not have the opportunity to enjoy the relevant preferential policies of high-quality high schools. It is understood that in recent years, there are more than 20,000 junior high school students in Hohhot every year, but only 9,087 primary school graduates participated in the on-site computer allocation this year, less than half of the total.

  The recruitment is becoming more and more hidden, and the teacher of the training class calls temporarily, and also submits resumes and open days.

  In recent years, the Ministry of Education has issued a number of documents, requiring all localities to fully implement the policy of free entrance examination for compulsory education. This year, the General Office of the Ministry of Education reiterated in the Notice on Doing a Good Job in Enrollment of Ordinary Primary and Secondary Schools in 2019 that all public and private compulsory education schools must strictly abide by the compulsory education exemption admission regulations. However, under the strict investigation, some schools still secretly recruit students through various means.

  Parents who have experienced junior high school in Guangzhou, Guangdong Province in recent years, most of them know "MK", a phonetic alphabet with the nature of code. "MK" is the homonym of "secret exam", and there are also "ZA" (believing in the Olympic class), "YS" (cultivating experiment), "YLQ" (pre-admission) and "QY" (signing) … … Parents told reporters that they joined the students’ parents group, teaching auxiliary institutions group and "MK" group through various channels, and inquired about the "secret test" information through this set of "passwords".

  Different from previous years, this year’s "secret exams" in private schools have been reduced, and they have been replaced by forms such as submitting resumes and "meeting" for a few minutes on the school open day.

  The reporter came to a junior high school when the enrollment was the most tense. Because the education department did not allow the school to collect students’ resume materials, the school did not set up a resume material collection office, but placed several large wastebaskets on the spot, and the security guards instructed parents to throw the "abandoned" students’ resume materials into the wastebaskets. After the activities were over and the school gate was closed, some parents received calls from social teaching auxiliary institutions one after another.

  According to the reporter’s investigation, despite the increased efforts to investigate and deal with illegal recruitment at the beginning of Xiaoshengchu, the examination is more and more hidden and has been repeatedly banned.

  In a certain place, Linlin, who just graduated from primary school, took nearly 10 junior high school exams organized by training institutions in the first half of this year. Apart from some private schools, there are also several "rocket classes" exams in public schools, most of which are in remote temporary examination rooms.

  The reporter came to a training institution in Linlin where she attended the Olympic Mathematics tutorial and organized her to take the exam, and asked the staff whether she could participate in the junior high school entrance examination. A staff member said that "the situation changes every year, and not every school can participate in the recruitment." The staff member next to him immediately took out his mobile phone and typed a few words, whispering to the staff member: "That’s what he meant." The staff member immediately changed his statement: "We never organize junior high school exams for schools, but only conduct ordinary extracurricular training."

  "Don’t say they won’t tell you, our parents can’t ask!" Linlin’s mother, Ms. Zhao, told the reporter that every time she took the exam, she received a phone call from the teacher of the training class, informing her when and where there was a very important exam. "But which school exam didn’t tell us."

  A staff member of a training institution said: "This year, the Education Bureau conducted a strict investigation. In previous years, each school organized at least two or three exams, but this year, each school basically only took one exam. It turns out that we have even moved our office this year, and we are afraid to put up a sign now … …”

  Training institutions are crowded, and some say that they are closely related to popular schools, and super-class teaching is more common.

  "Among the students I came into contact with in Xiaoshengchu, 80% of the children will go to tutoring institutions." Teacher Li of a training institution said that due to the scarcity of high-quality educational resources and the continuous intensification of academic competition, various counseling institutions have sprung up.

  As parents of students, the reporter made unannounced visits to several off-campus training institutions in several cities, and found that the teaching contents of many training institutions seriously exceeded the prescribed scope of the syllabus. At the same time, in the face of parents who come to consult, most institutions will introduce the close relationship with popular schools, as well as the high quality of education and stable transportation of students.

  According to the reporter’s investigation, the state’s repeated requests for strict prohibition of the Olympiad, which is the basis for entering the compulsory education stage, has become an unavoidable threshold for students taking the junior high school selection examination in some places. Chinese and English have greatly improved the investigation of primary school students’ ancient prose and vocabulary. "In order to recruit top-notch young talents, if you only test the knowledge in the textbook, you can’t open the grade at all. Therefore, if you want to pass the exam and enter a good school, you must learn the Olympics, and the difficulty of Chinese and English will also increase. " A staff member of a training institution somewhere said.

  "I got Pythagorean Theorem in my junior high school exam. This is what I learned in junior high school. I won’t do it without attending junior high school training!" A parent said that some counseling institutions have private contact with the school, and some students said after the exam that "the exam is not difficult at all, I have done it all". It is said that the enrollment rate of this counseling institution has reached 80%— 90%。

  In Guangzhou, some parents told reporters that some junior high school "secret exams" were entrusted to teaching auxiliary institutions in the society, which were true and false and could not be identified. "Many exams fall from the sky without meaning, charging hundreds of yuan and thousands of yuan. After answering the questions and handing in the papers, there is no news." Sometimes parents also suspect that some "secret exams" are scams, but they are afraid that this is an "opportunity" and would rather be deceived than let go once.

  A parent in Chengdu, Sichuan said: "Schools want students, but dare not organize exams. Training institutions have students, but they don’t ‘ Exit ’ , both ‘ In and out ’ , hit it off. " The parent told reporters that the tuition fees of these training institutions are expensive, often tens of thousands or even tens of thousands of yuan.

  "On one side is the solemn statement of the school ‘ Never entrusted any organization to organize the junior high school entrance examination ’ On the one hand, it is organized by various institutions ‘ Xiaoshengchu ’ Exam. Report the problem to the Education Bureau, and the Education Bureau will reply ‘ Upon inquiry, the school did not organize the examination ’ 。” In this regard, some parents are puzzled: "Since it is strictly forbidden to take the junior high school entrance examination and choose a school based on the examination results ‘ Pinch the tip ’ Why not thoroughly investigate the organizers of the exam? If the exam has nothing to do with the school, it is cheating. "

  The reporter’s investigation found that in recent years, the measures to rectify the problem of "pinching the top" recruitment should be said to be severe, but for schools, there are still many countermeasures. Some schools have joined hands with teaching auxiliary institutions to avoid punishment. It is an open secret in some areas that parents can’t get exam information without enrolling in various cram schools at high prices. At the beginning of Xiaoshengchu, the problem of "pinching the top" recruitment and the chaos of teaching auxiliary institutions should be highly valued by the competent authorities.

  (The names of students and parents in the article are all pseudonyms.)

  ■ after editing

  Cut off the interest chain of illegal recruitment

  Judging from the letters from the masses and the investigation by reporters, the phenomenon of illegal recruitment and crazy make-up classes is worth noting.

  At the beginning of Xiaoshengchu, it was like "one is willing to fight and the other is willing to suffer". However, illegal recruitment disrupts the order of enrollment and destroys the educational ecology; Rushing to the top of the class disrupts the progress of education and teaching and increases the burden on students; If you don’t give lectures in class, it will damage the teaching order and the atmosphere of teachers. To control illegal recruitment and make up classes, we must resolutely cut off the interest chain. Imagine, if the training institutions are decoupled from further studies, will business still be so hot? If the school strictly implements the admission to the nearest school, will students still rush to get away?

  Not long ago, the national basic education work conference was held, which put forward new requirements for the reform and development of basic education. In order to cool down the school selection fever from the root, in addition to drumming, it is necessary to further expand quality education resources and make more and more good schools at home; It is even more necessary to focus on solving the "baton" problem fundamentally, not only evaluating schools by enrollment rate, but also evaluating students by scores, resolutely overcoming and correcting the tendency of exam-oriented education, and making great efforts to cultivate and develop students in an all-round way.

Protect and restore the excellent environment, picturesque Lijiang River scenery is new.

The 10 kV cross-river power grid lines from Di Yang to Xingping, the core scenic spot of Lijiang River, have all been demolished, and the green power facilities and landscape resources of Lijiang River have been integrated and developed. Reporter Liu Jiaoqing photo

□ Our reporter Liu Qian

On October 15th, 2023, the Department of Ecological Environment of the Autonomous Region and the Guilin Municipal People’s Government held a press conference on the ecological environment quality report of the Lijiang River, and released the 2022 Lijiang Ecological Environment Quality Report (hereinafter referred to as the Report) for the first time. The Report comprehensively summarizes the experience and practices of Lijiang River protection, scientifically evaluates the good situation of Lijiang River protection, and looks forward to the bright future of protecting Lijiang River. Guilin, as a prefecture-level city, issued a report on the quality of ecological environment, which is the first in China, marking a new stage of protecting the Lijiang River and Guilin’s landscape, and is a milestone in the historical process of Lijiang River protection.

A river with clear water and green hills on both sides. Between mountains and rivers, it is related to "the country’s greatest." Lijiang River is the source of life for Guilin’s survival and development, and it is also the best witness of urban ecological protection and green development.

Since 2021, Guilin has kept in mind the entrustment, deeply practiced the concept of "Lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets", insisted on protecting the Lijiang River and Guilin’s landscape as its political responsibility and bottom line requirements, managed the ecological environment with the strictest rule of law, continuously and accurately "controlled chaos", systematically and accurately "controlled water", deepened the precision "controlled scenery", protected the authenticity and integrity of the Lijiang River, and closely followed the beautiful scenery, green development, harmonious coexistence and harmony. As the only typical river management model in China, the Lijiang River Basin was praised by the Inspector General of the State Council.

New achievements have been made in ecological environment protection of Lijiang River.

Over the past two years, Guilin has made great efforts to cultivate the advantages of ecological environment, do a good job in the ecological environment protection of the Lijiang River basin, and strive to build the Lijiang River into a model of comprehensive river management in China and a world-class model of ecological environment protection, and build a modern and beautiful Guilin with Chinese style in which man and nature coexist harmoniously, so that nature can give the Chinese nation this magical and beautiful treasure to be preserved forever.

Since 2017, the national surface water assessment section of Lijiang River Basin has maintained Class II or above water quality for six consecutive years, and the water quality is excellent, with an excellent ratio of 100%. The water environmental quality of surface water assessment section in Guilin has been ranked in the forefront of the country for many years. Focusing on improving and improving the quality of water environment, Guilin strengthens source control and land and water planning, scientifically manages the surface water environment in different regions and stages, and systematically promotes water pollution prevention and control. Strengthen the source control, implement the project of "improving the quality and carrying forward" the surface water quality, and investigate the sewage outlets entering the river in the urban built-up areas. Implement urban and rural governance, complete centralized sewage treatment in the urban section of Lijiang River, transform the municipal pipe network in the old residential areas in the urban section of Lijiang River, continuously promote the comprehensive treatment of 10 tributaries in the urban section of Lijiang River, and basically realize the full coverage, collection and treatment of sewage pipe networks in urban villages, old residential areas and urban-rural junctions. The urban sewage collection rate is over 80%, the centralized treatment rate is over 99%, and the proportion of black and odorous water bodies is 100%.

At the same time, Guilin insists on coordinated gas management, and the ambient air quality continues to improve. Promote the prevention and control of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) pollution in key industries, and 115 VOCs-related emission enterprises have completed the installation of pollution control facilities. Implement the "Skynet" project of motor vehicle exhaust, and become the only city in the whole region to realize the coverage of remote sensing monitoring points in all counties (cities, districts); Take the lead in the implementation of scoring system management for motor vehicle emission inspection institutions in the whole region. We will promote the efficiency and quality improvement of the brick-making industry, strengthen the supervision of brick factory enterprises, carry out the rectification of waste gas emission standards, supervise and monitor the stable discharge of major pollutants in brick factories, and push the illegal information of enterprises to law enforcement departments. We will spare no effort to protect the pure land and keep the quality of soil environment stable. Strictly control the risk of soil pollution in construction land, carry out on-site inspection on the safe use of construction land, and the safe use rate of key construction land is 100%.

After unremitting protection and restoration, today, the Lijiang River Basin has complete ecosystem types, diverse community structures, rich biological resources and many endemic species. There are about 3,100 known vascular plants and more than 600 terrestrial vertebrate wild animals. In 2022, a new species, Rana guibeiensis, was discovered in Maoershan Nature Reserve. The Lijiang River Basin has established 1 national nature reserve, 5 autonomous region-level nature reserves, 2 scenic spots, 3 forest parks, 1 wetland park, 2 geological parks, 1 world natural heritage site, 2 aquatic germplasm conservation zone, and 2 national monitoring stations for terrestrial wildlife epidemics.

Accurately "control chaos" and jointly enforce the law to "escort" green mountains and green hills.

In the early morning of March 25th, 2023, it rained heavily. The law enforcement patrol boats of the Comprehensive Law Enforcement Detachment of Lijiang Scenic Area slowly sailed out of the dock, and at the same time, the patrol boats of maritime affairs, fishery administration and public security also quietly sailed out of their respective docks. The purpose of this joint law enforcement is that law enforcement departments receive reports from the masses and conduct inspections and strikes against the behavior of electric fish in Lijiang River.

The ecological management of Lijiang River is a complex and grand project, which needs to be solidly promoted with systematic thinking and long-term vision, and needs the full cooperation of management departments. In March 2023, under the leadership of Lijiang Scenic Area Management Committee, Guilin established a joint law enforcement team composed of Lijiang Scenic Area Management Committee, public security, maritime affairs, fishery administration and tourism supervision departments, which constituted a new working pattern of "sharing resources, complementing each other’s advantages, promoting each other and protecting Lijiang".

Law enforcement departments have established mechanisms such as joint meeting system, joint law enforcement system, special meeting system and information sharing system to carry out joint cruise activities. In addition, it also cooperated with the local governments to standardize and enforce the law on the destruction of the ecological environment on the beaches of coastal islands, issued a notice prohibiting barbecues, picnics and littering, comprehensively cleaned up the hygiene of the river beaches, and standardized the order of tourists’ sightseeing and vehicle parking.

In addition to gathering the joint efforts of the law enforcement departments of Lijiang River, we also set up a four-level Lijiang River grid management mechanism of "city, county (district), township (town) and village (neighborhood) committees" to unite the village committees along the Lijiang River, mobilize the masses to report and supervise, and set up joint law enforcement stations in front to deal with problems in time, so as to play its role of "clairvoyance" and "clairvoyance". "Like this electric fish behavior, the masses first discovered it and then reported it to 110, and multiple departments conducted joint investigations." Liu Xiaohong, instructor of the Fifth Brigade of the Comprehensive Law Enforcement Detachment of Lijiang Scenic Area, said.

Idle and scattered "Gui Gui Yu" ships are a historical problem on the Lijiang River, and also a key and difficult point in the regulation of the Lijiang River. The Party Working Committee and Management Committee of Lijiang Scenic Area thoroughly practiced the concept of "two mountains", taking Yangshuo County as the entrance, and adopted fishing boat acquisition and one-time subsidy to clean up and dismantle fishing boats. In 2022, the comprehensive law enforcement detachment of Lijiang Scenic Area cooperated with Yangshuo County to carry out a special campaign to clean up and rectify the "Gui Gui Yu" ships in the main stream of Lijiang River, and dismantled 155 "Gui Gui Yu" ships according to law, which improved the scenery along the Lijiang River.

In recent years, with the promotion of special rectification work, the beautiful scenery of "green mountains, green waters and egrets" has reappeared one by one.

"The ecological environment is good, and there are more and more egrets." The hearts of law enforcement players are full of sense of accomplishment. With the in-depth development of the series of special actions of "controlling chaos, water and scenery", the "Lijiang Ecological Defence War" has been reported frequently, and egrets have become frequent visitors to the Lijiang River. The comprehensive law enforcement detachment of Lijiang Scenic Area has become the "Guardian of Lijiang River" guarding the clear water and green mountains, and has successively won the titles of "Civil Servant Collective Satisfied by the People", "National Advanced Collective of Administrative Law Enforcement" and "National Women’s Civilized Post".

Persist in protecting the ecological authenticity of Lijiang River landscape

Maoershan, which stretches across the northern part of Guangxi, is known as "the crown of five mountains and the top of South China". It is here that the world-famous beautiful Lijiang River was born.

Guarding this green mountain is the police of Maoershan Police Station of Ecological Environment Protection Branch of Guilin Public Security Bureau. They are the "mountain guards" in the new era here.

Established in 1981, the Maoershan police station has become the guardian of the source area of Lijiang River. "In the past, the villagers’ awareness of environmental protection was not enough. They all relied on mountains to eat mountains, and poaching occurred from time to time. The law popularization work for fellow villagers is something we have to do every year. Now the ecological environment of Maoershan is getting better and better. More and more tourists come to Maoershan, which has promoted the development of the local economy. The villagers have seen it and consciously become the staunchest supporters of protecting the ecological environment of Maoershan. " Zheng Yongming, director of the Maoershan police station, said.

"With the implementation of the ecological restoration project, the environment in our village has been greatly improved, and there are more tourists. Everyone is more confident to increase income and get rich by developing rural tourism!" The ecological restoration of Lijiang River has been unanimously praised by the villagers in Xingping Fishing Village, Yangshuo County.

Accelerating the implementation of ecological restoration and upgrading project is to maintain the authenticity and integrity of Lijiang River ecology to the maximum extent. The third phase of Guilin karst ecological restoration project was fully completed, with 8 ecological restoration sites covering an area of 57,000 square meters. After the restoration of the third phase of the project, the ecological restoration of the Lijiang River has achieved remarkable results. The ecological landscape environment and rural living environment of Xingping fishing village in Yangshuo have been greatly improved, and the occupancy rate of villagers’ homestays and the number of tourists received by farmhouses have increased significantly.

There are 97 households with 384 residents (villagers) in the island of Leech Island and the big and small continents on the Lijiang River. For a long time, the island’s garbage facilities are not complete, the living environment is poor and the ecosystem is very fragile.

In order to make the environment of Duanzhou Island in the urban area of Lijiang River cleaner and more beautiful, and further maintain the authenticity and integrity of the landscape ecology, from November 2021 to June 2022, our city invested 30 million yuan to implement the first-phase ecological restoration project of Leech Island and Daxiaozhou Island, completed the sewage interception project, completely solved the problem of sewage discharging directly into Lijiang River, and ecologically restored 52,000 square meters of green plants, which greatly improved the living environment of ordinary people.

In 2023, the second phase ecological relocation project of Lijiang Island continued to advance in an orderly manner. Our city has set up the joint headquarters of the ecological relocation project in Leech Island, established the weekly regular meeting system, raised hundreds of millions of yuan, and carried out ecological relocation for 97 households (villagers) in Leech Island and various continents. In the next step, we will further speed up the work related to ecological restoration in various continents.

Whether it is the persistent figures of Maoershan, the optimization of the living environment of the villagers in Yangshuo fishing village, or the gratifying change of the greening of Lijiang Island, it is a vivid microcosm of the ecological protection and restoration of Lijiang River Basin in Guilin.

Guilin has continuously strengthened planning guidance, systematic management, strict control and scientific utilization, maintained the authenticity and integrity of the landscape ecology of the Lijiang River, intensified ecological restoration and environmental management of the Lijiang River basin, and cared for this treasure land endowed by nature to the Chinese nation.

Since 2023, in order to better enhance the landscape effect and dress up the "beautiful face value" of the Lijiang River, the management committee of Lijiang Scenic Area, power supply and maritime affairs departments have continuously accelerated the rectification of cross-river cables in the core scenic spots of the Lijiang River, and carried out the demolition of cross-river lines through the landscape integration of power facilities in the core basin of the Lijiang River, so that the new mechanism of green power facilities construction and landscape integration development of the Lijiang River will benefit the people along the river. By December 2023, 12 river-crossing cables, including Mingcun in Yanshan District, Laocuntou in Xingping, Dahebei, Ergendi, Lengshui Village, Shangtaoyuan Village to Langzhou Village and Dahebei to Fishing Village in Yangshuo, have been successfully demolished, and all the 10 kV river-crossing power grid lines in Di Yang-Xingping section of Lijiang River core scenic spot have been demolished. At present, 24 power grid projects have been planned to support the grid structure after the demolition of the river-crossing lines, and the work of replacing electric energy for Lijiang tourism has been promoted in an orderly manner, so that tourists and people along the Lijiang River can enjoy green travel, green tourism and green life.

"Mountains, rivers, forests, fields, lakes, grass and sand" to build a solid ecological foundation

2022年6月7日,财政部会同自然资源部、生态环境部公示全国第二批山水林田湖草沙一体化保护和修复工程竞争性选拔项目名单,桂林漓江流域山水林田湖草沙一体化保护和修复工程项目以第4名的成绩从全国19个参与竞选省份项目中脱颖而出,成功入选。

实施桂林漓江流域山水林田湖草沙一体化保护和修复工程,是深入贯彻落实习近平生态文明思想、提升漓江流域生态保护修复水平、加快打造桂林世界级旅游城市的具体举措。桂林市3年将获得上级奖补资金31.6亿元。这充分体现了中央和自治区对桂林、对漓江保护修复工作的高度重视。

漓江流域山水林田湖草沙一体化保护修复工程,是广西第一个纳入国家“十四五”期间山水林田湖草沙一体化保护和修复工程项目。该工程以漓江干流及9条支流为脉络,以南岭山、架桥岭等主要山脉为骨架,以猫儿山自然保护区等12个自然保护地为生态关键点,划分漓江上游、中游和下游3个生态保护修复分区,共14个保护修复单元,安排生态保护修复8类修复工程,共83个子项目。工程实施期3年,可以系统提升漓江全流域、全要素的生态环境质量,增加生态产品供给,提高生态产品价值,打造生态文明建设样板。

In 2023, Guangxi hired experts in the fields related to ecological protection and restoration of grass and sand in landscape forest fields and lakes, set up an expert consulting team, and transferred the technical guidance group of the special class for the formation of technical backbones from Guangxi Natural Resources Ecological Restoration Center to carry out ecological adaptability technical guidance for the Lijiang River landscape project sub-project.

At present, Guilin has fully integrated the source and coastal forests of the Lijiang River into the management of ecological public welfare forests, implemented Pearl River Shelterbelt (Pearl River Basin Comprehensive Management Shelterbelt), returned farmland to forests, forest phase transformation, etc., completed afforestation of 1.635 million mu, built a hundred-mile ecological demonstration belt on the east bank of the Lijiang River, implemented the project of "greening, colorization, flowering and fruitization", and completed the upgrading and transformation of a number of tourist terminals.

There are more forests, and wild animals are gradually thriving. Dishui Village, Di Yang Township, located on the east bank of the Lijiang River, has many mountains and few fields, and the ecological environment is good. Wild monkeys often come to the front and back of the village to "feed", and people and animals live in harmony. There have never been any injuries to monkeys or monkeys in the village. Protecting monkeys means protecting the ecology of Lijiang River. This consensus reached by the villagers has been praised by many people.

Today’s Lijiang River, water, stones, grass and trees are natural. Birds are singing and flowers are fragrant, fish are swimming in the shallow bottom, and the beautiful picture of sky blue, green water and clear water has become the normal state of Lijiang River. It can be predicted that the beautiful scenery of the Lijiang River in the future will remain clear and flow forever.

Source: Guilin Daily

Reporting/feedback

Willful! The highest water level is 197.26 meters. Swimmers insist on "experiencing drifting" and refuse to rescue.

  CCTV News:Heavy rainfall has caused the water level of many rivers to rise. On July 13th, the flood peak of Jialing River passed through Chongqing, which exceeded the warning water level. In the afternoon, the command center of fire brigade in Beibei District of Chongqing suddenly received an alarm, saying that there was a figure in the flood peak of Jialing River. After receiving the alarm, rescuers quickly took the assault boat to the rescue, but unexpectedly, it was a different situation.

 

  When the flood peak crossed the border that day, the highest water level reached 197.26 meters, which exceeded the warning water level by 2.76 meters. There are some floating objects on the Jialing River, and there are also many undercurrents and eddies below the seemingly smooth river. Rescuers quickly put the assault boat into the water and searched for the drowning person along the river. After nearly an hour, they finally found several figures in the water at Beibei Water and Soil Wharf.

  Rescuers: "Master, catch the lifebuoy."

  Swimmer: "No, no,no."

  Rescuers: "Are you swimming? Are you swimming? "

 

  Swimmer: "Yes."

  Wang Zhi, Squadron Leader of Chengnan Squadron of Beibei District Fire Brigade, Chongqing: "They told us that they came from other places to experience such an act of flood peak drifting, and they belonged to the Swimming Association. At that time, they did refuse to rescue them and refused to let us film them."

  Firefighters were escorted by assault boats in the flood peak.

  There were seven people in the water. Due to the rapid current, the firemen’s assault boat was almost overturned by the flood peak many times. Despite their repeated patient persuasion, these seven people refused to go ashore. Two of them first agreed to go ashore, and within a few minutes, they jumped into the flood again.

 

  Wang Zhi, Squadron Leader of Chengnan Squadron of Beibei District Fire Brigade, Chongqing: "At that time, we had no way to restrict them. We could only say that we protected them through our means."

  Legal expert: swimmers occupy and waste public emergency resources. 

 

  Firefighters carefully drove the assault boat in the flood peak, while paying attention to the state of these seven people in order to rescue them in time. Nearly an hour later, these seven people finally landed. Rescuers reminded that fire and water are ruthless, so don’t risk your life in the flood peak. Legal experts also said that the behavior of these swimmers is a waste of public emergency resources.

 

  Wu Ruqiao, Associate Professor and Doctoral Supervisor of Chongqing University Law School.: "This behaviorFrom the point of view of swimmers, they should say that it is difficult to constitute an illegal act, but emotionally and rationally, their behavior is very inappropriate., one isDisrespect for one’s own life. The other one isIt wastes our public resources and puts our firefighters in such a dangerous situation.. In this case,I suggest that we can even consider letting these swimmers bear the time cost, economic cost and other related costs incurred by firefighters.. "

Taiping Street, Tianfu New District, Sichuan Province launched fireworks and firecrackers to "crack down on illegal activities"

Fireworks and firecrackers crack down on illegal activities

At the end of the year and the beginning of the year, in order to implement the relevant requirements of the Notice of Sichuan Tianfu New District Management Committee on the Prohibition of Setting off Fireworks and Firecrackers in the Whole Region of the Directly Administered Area and ensure the safety of people’s lives and property, on January 9, 12 and 25, 2024, Taiping Street and the law enforcement team of Tianfu New District Emergency Bureau jointly launched a special campaign to crack down on fireworks and firecrackers in the jurisdiction, and conducted inspections on illegal storage and sale of fireworks and firecrackers and fire safety.

The law enforcement team inspected 21 supermarkets and non-staple food stores in the jurisdiction, and found 5 illegally stored and sold fireworks and firecrackers, and investigated and dealt with 23 fireworks and firecrackers. The regulatory authorities punished them on the spot in accordance with relevant laws and regulations, and confiscated fireworks and firecrackers.

In view of the problem that the fire extinguishers in six non-staple food stores are blocked, the operators have been ordered to carry out on-site rectification to ensure that the closed-loop management of hidden dangers is in place.

Tips

The whole area of Chengdu Zhiguan District in Tianfu New District of Sichuan (Huayang Street, Wan ‘an Street, Zhengxing Street, Xinglong Street, Jiancha Street, Xinxing Street, Yongxing Street, Jitian Street and Taiping Street) is a no-discharge area for fireworks and firecrackers, and no unit or individual may illegally produce, sell, store, transport or discharge fireworks and firecrackers.

Source: Tianfu Taiping

Reporting/feedback

Temperature record | to be "steamed"! Guangdong "sauna day" with a maximum temperature of 37℃ will be launched.

Text/Yangcheng Evening News All Media Reporter Liang Zeming

In the last month, have you been bored by the frequent "dragon boat water"? The good news is that this year’s "Dragon Boat Water" in Guangdong has been "withdrawn".

Although "Dragon Boat Water" has ended, sunny heat has become the protagonist, but it does not mean that there is no rain at all. Thunderstorms will still come from time to time to grab the show, especially in eastern Guangdong. Thunderstorm+high temperature, does it feel like a "sauna"? Standing outside for a while during a thunderstorm is comparable to being in a sauna. Try it?

It is estimated that on June 29, due to the fluctuation of the east wind, there will be heavy rain to heavy rain and local heavy rain in the cities and counties of eastern Guangdong, and there will be moderate thunderstorms and local heavy rain in the southern cities and counties of the Pearl River Delta and Meizhou. From June 29th to July 1st, there was a high temperature of about 35℃ and local 37℃ in cities and counties in the north-central region.

The specific forecast is as follows:

On June 29, there were heavy rains to heavy rains and local heavy rains in cities and counties in eastern Guangdong. The southern cities and counties in the Pearl River Delta and Meizhou were cloudy with moderate thunderstorms and local heavy rains, while the rest cities and counties were sunny to cloudy with local thunderstorms. Maximum temperature: 29℃ ~ 33℃ in eastern Guangdong, southern coastal cities and counties and Meizhou, and 34℃ ~ 36℃ in most other cities and counties.

From June 30th to July 1st, most cities and counties were sunny to cloudy with some thunderstorms, among which the southern coastal cities and counties were cloudy with scattered thunderstorms. Maximum temperature: 31℃ ~ 34℃ in southern coastal cities and counties, 35℃ ~ 36℃ in most other cities and counties, and 37℃ in some cities and counties.

In Guangzhou, the sunshine will be accompanied by thunderstorms in the next few days, and it will still be hot and sunny during the day, and local thunderstorms will sneak up. When it’s time to leave air conditioning, WiFi and watermelon, everyone should pay attention to heatstroke prevention and take an umbrella with them to keep out the rain and shade.

Every summer, "sauna days" are the most difficult. In this weather, high temperature and high humidity are combined, which makes it difficult to breathe. Why is the "sauna day" so difficult? Wang Weiyue, a meteorologist of China Weather Network, said that in general, people cool down by sweating in hot weather, and sweat can take away the heat generated by the human body in time. However, in the "sauna day", due to the high humidity and low wind speed, the evaporation rate of sweat is greatly slowed down, and the clothes can be soaked after going out for a few minutes, feeling sticky all over.

Due to the imbalance between heat production and heat dissipation, people are prone to heatstroke in sauna days, especially the following categories of people, which need special care. For example, people who drink less water and have underdeveloped sweat glands are not easy to sweat and suffer from heatstroke in sauna days; For people who are stressed and irritable, hot and humid weather will easily affect their hypothalamic ability to regulate emotions, leading to palpitation and chest tightness; People with poor cardiopulmonary function are prone to cardiovascular diseases in high temperature and high humidity environment.

Source | Yangcheng Evening News Yangcheng School Comprehensive @ Guangdong Weather @ Guangzhou Weather @ China Weather, etc
Editor | Zheng Zongmin

What if the car is not easy to start in winter?

In winter, it is often difficult to start a car. If you encounter this situation, you can try to press the accelerator while turning the key to light the fire. This method is very effective, but when the car starts, you should pay attention to loosen the throttle properly, because excessive stepping on the throttle will cause damage to the car. If this method still fails to solve the problem, there may be the following reasons:

1. The battery is short of electricityIt is the most common reason that makes it difficult to start a car in cold weather. The lower the temperature, the lower the battery capacity. Generally speaking, the life of a battery is about 3 years. When the engine is difficult to start, the headlights are dim or the horn sound is unclear, you should check whether the battery is short of electricity.

2. The exhaust pipe is frozen

It is also a common problem. If the car is used less frequently and the route is shorter, the water vapor after engine combustion will freeze in the exhaust pipe, and short-distance driving is not enough to melt it. After a night, there will be more ice, which will affect the starting and exhaust of the vehicle.

3. Poor performance of engine oil or incorrect selection.

It may also lead to difficulties in starting the car. In winter, the viscosity of engine oil increases greatly, which leads to the increase of internal resistance of engine. Therefore, low viscosity engine oil should be used to cope with the cold weather in winter.

Note that the above method is only applicable to the situation that the car is difficult to start. If the problem still exists, please contact professional car maintenance personnel for inspection and maintenance.

Central Bank: At the end of the second quarter, the balance of RMB real estate loans was 53.37 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 0.5%.

CCTV News:According to the website of the People’s Bank of China, on July 28th, the central bank released a statistical report on the loan investment of financial institutions in the second quarter of 2023.

According to the statistics of the People’s Bank of China, at the end of the second quarter of 2023, the balance of RMB loans of financial institutions was 230.58 trillion yuan, up 11.3% year-on-year; In the first half of the year, RMB loans increased by 15.73 trillion yuan, an increase of 2.06 trillion yuan over the same period of last year.

First, loans from enterprises and institutions grew steadily, and the growth rate of medium and long-term loans increased more.

At the end of the second quarter of 2023, the loan balance of local and foreign currency enterprises and institutions was 152.21 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 13.5%, and the growth rate was 0.1 percentage point lower than that at the end of last year; In the first half of the year, it increased by 12.86 trillion yuan, an increase of 1.3 trillion yuan year-on-year.

In terms of terms, the balance of short-term loans and bill financing was 52.8 trillion yuan, up 6.8% year-on-year, and the growth rate was 6.2 percentage points lower than that at the end of last year. In the first half of the year, it increased by 3.01 trillion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 2.24 trillion yuan. The balance of medium and long-term loans was 95.96 trillion yuan, up 17.9% year-on-year, and the growth rate was 3.4 percentage points higher than the end of last year. In the first half of the year, it increased by 9.68 trillion yuan, an increase of 3.45 trillion yuan year-on-year.

In terms of purposes, the balance of fixed assets loans was 63.7 trillion yuan, up 14.2% year-on-year, and the growth rate was 2.8 percentage points higher than that at the end of last year. The balance of operating loans was 62.87 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 15%, and the growth rate was 2.3 percentage points higher than that at the end of last year.

Second, the growth rate of medium and long-term loans in industry, service industry and infrastructure industry continued to increase.

At the end of the second quarter of 2023, the balance of medium and long-term loans in local and foreign currency industries was 20.2 trillion yuan, up 32.4% year-on-year, and the growth rate was 21.8 percentage points higher than that of various loans and 5.9 percentage points higher than that at the end of last year. In the first half of the year, it increased by 3.19 trillion yuan, an increase of 1.39 trillion yuan year-on-year. Among them, the balance of medium and long-term loans for heavy industry was 17.24 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 32.2%, and the growth rate was 6.7 percentage points higher than that at the end of last year; The balance of medium and long-term loans for light industry was 2.96 trillion yuan, up 33.6% year-on-year, and the growth rate was 1.1 percentage points higher than that at the end of last year.

At the end of the second quarter of 2023, the balance of medium and long-term loans in local and foreign currency service industries was 60.75 trillion yuan, up 14% year-on-year, and the growth rate was 2.8 percentage points higher than that at the end of last year. In the first half of the year, it increased by 5.05 trillion yuan, an increase of 1.67 trillion yuan year-on-year. The balance of medium and long-term loans in the real estate industry increased by 7.1% year-on-year, and the growth rate was 3.1 percentage points higher than that at the end of last year.

At the end of the second quarter of 2023, the balance of medium and long-term loans in local and foreign currency infrastructure industry was 35.93 trillion yuan, up 15.8% year-on-year, and the growth rate was 2.8 percentage points higher than that at the end of last year. In the first half of the year, it increased by 3.25 trillion yuan, an increase of 1.1 trillion yuan year-on-year.

Third, loans in various fields in inclusive finance maintained a relatively high growth rate.

At the end of the second quarter of 2023, the balance of Pratt & Whitney small and micro loans was 27.69 trillion yuan, up 26.1% year-on-year, the growth rate was 2.3 percentage points higher than the end of last year, and it increased by 3.9 trillion yuan in the first half of the year, up 1.16 trillion yuan year-on-year; The balance of loans for farmers’ production and operation was 8.86 trillion yuan, up 18.3% year-on-year; The balance of business guarantee loans was 298.1 billion yuan, up 14.6% year-on-year; The balance of student loans was 169.6 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 21.6%.

At the end of the second quarter of 2023, the balance of loans for people out of poverty nationwide was 1.11 trillion yuan, up 13.2% year-on-year, and 485.3 billion yuan was distributed in the first half of the year.

Fourth, the rapid growth of green loans

At the end of the second quarter of 2023, the balance of green loans in local and foreign currencies was 27.05 trillion yuan, up 38.4% year-on-year, 0.1 percentage point lower than the end of last year, 27.8 percentage points higher than the growth rate of various loans, and 5.45 trillion yuan higher than the beginning of the year. Among them, loans to projects with direct and indirect carbon emission reduction benefits were 9.6 and 8.44 trillion yuan respectively, accounting for 66.7% of the total green loans.

In terms of purposes, the loan balances of green infrastructure upgrading industry, clean energy industry and energy conservation and environmental protection industry were 11.85 trillion yuan, 6.8 trillion yuan and 3.93 trillion yuan respectively, up by 34.3%, 35% and 49.2% respectively, up by 2.14 trillion yuan, 1.26 trillion yuan and 954.9 billion yuan respectively from the beginning of the year. In terms of industries, the balance of green loans in power, heat, gas and water production and supply industries was 6.43 trillion yuan, up 26.6% year-on-year, up 926.4 billion yuan from the beginning of the year; The balance of green loans in transportation, warehousing and postal services was 5 trillion yuan, up 13.9% year-on-year, up 465.5 billion yuan from the beginning of the year.

V. The growth rate of agricultural loans continued to grow.

At the end of the second quarter of 2023, the balance of agricultural loans in local and foreign currencies was 54.64 trillion yuan, up 16% year-on-year, and the growth rate was 2 percentage points higher than that at the end of last year. In the first half of the year, it increased by 5.47 trillion yuan, an increase of 1.4 trillion yuan year-on-year.

At the end of the second quarter of 2023, the balance of rural (county and below) loans was 45.6 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 16.1%, and the growth rate was 2.6 percentage points higher than that at the end of last year; In the first half of the year, it increased by 4.66 trillion yuan, an increase of 1.38 trillion yuan year-on-year. The balance of farmers’ loans was 16.31 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 13.4%, and the growth rate was 2.2 percentage points higher than that at the end of last year; In the first half of the year, it increased by 1.32 trillion yuan, an increase of 359 billion yuan. The balance of agricultural loans was 5.67 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 14.7%, and the growth rate was 4 percentage points higher than that at the end of last year; In the first half of the year, it increased by 583.8 billion yuan, an increase of 196.6 billion yuan.

Sixth, the growth rate of real estate loans declined.

At the end of the second quarter of 2023, the balance of RMB real estate loans was 53.37 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 0.5%, which was 1 percentage point lower than the growth rate at the end of last year; In the first half of the year, it increased by 154.9 billion yuan, accounting for 1% of the increase in various loans during the same period.

At the end of the second quarter of 2023, the balance of real estate development loans was 13.1 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 5.3%, and the growth rate was 1.6 percentage points higher than that at the end of last year. The balance of individual housing loans was 38.6 trillion yuan, down 0.7% year-on-year, and the growth rate was 1.9 percentage points lower than that at the end of last year.

Seven, loans to support science and technology enterprises.

By the end of the second quarter of 2023, there were 211,900 small and medium-sized science and technology enterprises supported by loans, with a loan rate of 46.7%, 2.1 percentage points higher than the end of last year. The balance of local and foreign currency loans of small and medium-sized science and technology enterprises was 2.4 trillion yuan, up 25.1% year-on-year, 0.8 percentage points higher than the end of last year.

Eight, the growth rate of household consumption loans rebounded, and operating loans maintained a relatively fast growth rate.

At the end of the second quarter of 2023, the balance of household loans in local and foreign currencies was 78.57 trillion yuan, up 6.1% year-on-year, and the growth rate was 0.7 percentage points higher than that at the end of last year. In the first half of the year, it increased by 2.8 trillion yuan, an increase of 611.6 billion yuan year-on-year.

At the end of the second quarter of 2023, the balance of household consumer loans (excluding personal housing loans) in local and foreign currencies was 18.75 trillion yuan, up 12.4% year-on-year, and the growth rate was 8.3 percentage points higher than that at the end of last year. In the first half of the year, it increased by 717.1 billion yuan, an increase of 607.6 billion yuan. The balance of household operating loans was 21.22 trillion yuan, up 19.5% year-on-year, and the growth rate was 3 percentage points higher than the end of last year; In the first half of the year, it increased by 2.3 trillion yuan, an increase of 759.1 billion yuan.

Focus on the new era of China female messengers










Fingertip dance commands the three armies

  Editor’s Note Recently, the General Staff Department and the General Political Department issued a circular to jointly commend 50 outstanding female soldiers of the whole army. This commendation has been 15 years since the last time.
In the past 15 years, the three-foot machine has undergone revolutionary changes, from analog to digital; China traffic female soldiers also touched the nerves of the army with their skillful technology and unchanging loyalty, and became the witness of the information construction of the army.
In the past 15 years, the artificial telephone network, after several technical changes, has been connected to the headquarters of the Military Commission, the army, navy and air force, and the first-line company, weaving a perfect network.
It’s really a beautiful enjoyment to witness the work of female traffic soldiers. Sweet, standardized, fluent and beautiful words, waves of busy before opening the bow and every second counts, multi-channel phones are pointed out by them like a noisy tide, and they rush to the north and south in an orderly manner.
Do you know the hardships they have paid? It has been calculated that taking the telephone number as an example, if the operator memorizes 2000 numbers on average, it is equivalent to reciting pi to 12000 digits.
Let’s approach them, browse their work and life, and listen to their fragrant hearts and stories.

"Messenger" is the nickname of the army for the switchboard operator. Most of them are female soldiers in their prime, and the dancing of fingertips on the keyboard is as poetic as a pianist lightly pressing black keys’s white key. However, they are women’s messengers. They are important decisions and important actions again and again. They command thousands of troops with their slender fingers, soft voices, hurried bells and extended silver lines!
Plug the rope in the past, but now knock on the keyboard. Informatization has given the "three-foot machine" a new face.
  "Although the jack is small, I have insight into the times; Although the rope is short, it is connected with thousands of troops. " Although there is no sword and shadow, there is no smoke of war, but the "three-foot machine" has always been regarded by female soldiers as a battlefield to fulfill their mission. In order to realize "people are talking on the phone for a second", they plug and pull the cord thousands of times a day, one plug and one pull, and generations of female traffic soldiers have written a green movement with youth that never stops.
  In the new century, female traffic soldiers suddenly found that the work room and the "three-foot machine" have all undergone brand-new changes: computer terminals have replaced the traditional corded machine, computer keyboards and monitors have replaced corded and electric keys, and plug-in telephones have become software operations.
  Hundreds of female soldiers in a communication terminal in shenyang military area command are faced with 70 or 80 computers, and joy and confusion are intertwined. They are all business experts, but some can’t open files, some operate illegally, and some don’t know what to do when they look at the tips on the interface …
  Today, they are sitting in front of rows of computers, wearing headphones, tapping keyboards, and looking at the screen … confidently clicking on the digital world, and tracking the tide of informationization with light wings.
  A long-distance telephone station of the General Staff Department, which was awarded the honorary title of "model communication station" by the Central Military Commission, is the "eyes and ears" and "nerves" of the high command, and the "leading voice" radiating the whole army. When a large number of advanced communication equipment were settled in the army one after another, their greatest feeling was that their brain skills, ear skills, hand skills and oral skills, which they had practiced in the past, were far from meeting the requirements of the situation and tasks.
  This group of women who always strive for the first place and never admit defeat have launched a sprint to a new height. They studied day and night from the beginning, reformed the training methods and explored the rules of duty maintenance. A large number of business backbones quickly completed the "transformation" and regained their self-confidence and the feeling of "leading station".
There is nothing small in the computer room. Every time you answer the phone, it is a quenching of youth and a smelting of life for the operator.
People often say: War makes women go away. However, when we turn over the history of the Republic, many major military struggles and thrilling events are inseparable from the girls of Channel One. From China’s previous military struggles to flood fighting and disaster relief operations, from the launch of missile satellites to the launch of Shenzhou spacecraft, from major military exercises to the communication guarantee of important meetings, which task can make these women go away?
  Take Lin Yiping, an ordinary petty officer at a communication terminal in Guangkong. Last year, in an important military exercise, Lin Yiping led the station personnel to set up and transfer the data telephone exchange car, but because of the sudden heavy rain, the ground was muddy, which had a great impact on antenna erection and radio communication. When they arrived at the designated position, it was less than 20 minutes before their superiors asked to contact the headquarters. She led five lesbians in the class to shuttle back and forth between the command vehicle and the antenna position in the heavy rain, and quickly controlled the machine while debugging the line. It took only 8 minutes, and the first one realized communication with the headquarters. Later, she was informed and commended by the exercise headquarters and won the third-class merit.
  In fact, the information transmitted by female traffic soldiers is not all urgent military orders, and they have also encountered many major events that have a bearing on human life. Chen Xia, a college sergeant, is a beautiful woman who grew up in the land of abundance. One night when she was on duty, she suddenly received a phone call from a retired chief. Listening to the weak voice, she wondered: Has the chief not rested so late? Suddenly, there was no sound on the other end of the phone. She thought it was the head who accidentally hung up, so she tried to call back, but no one answered. A strong sense of mission prompted her to dial 26 calls in a row and finally found a rested civil servant. The old chief who fell by the telephone was sent to the hospital in time for treatment.
The orchid is born in the deep mountains, and it is not without people. Who says their beauty is a waste?
Some people say that the beauty of women needs to be appreciated. If no one knows, the beauty from heaven is a waste. Although the female traffic soldiers serve the chief and the office every day, they remember their phone numbers more accurately than their birthdays. However, there are not many opportunities to really meet users, let alone get close to the head.
  Although they also have sweet voices, vigorous youth and the beauty of a military uniform, do the female soldiers feel sorry because they are locked in the computer room all day, just like the orchid blooming alone in the mountains, silently emitting fragrance? They said, "Dedicated youth is the most beautiful!"
  Shen Jing, a noncommissioned officer of a communication terminal in the Aerospace Command and Control Center of the General Armament Department, comes from Fuyang, Anhui Province, and her family conditions are superior. The original intention of her parents to send her as a soldier is to let this "Jiao Jiao girl" exercise in the army. In the second year as a soldier, her family found a well-paid and decent job for her according to the agreed plan, but at that time, the number of users of No.1 station increased and the duty force was weak. The station hoped that she could stay as the backbone of the telephone service. Shen Jing did not hesitate to submit an application for transfer to a non-commissioned officer. She admits that whether her family agrees or not, as long as the troops need it, her only choice is to stay in the team. However, after her family learned her wish, they all supported her choice, saying that when she grew up, she would choose her own life path.
  On the first New Year’s Eve as a soldier, Shen Jing volunteered to be on duty in the computer room on the grounds that he wanted to experience the festive atmosphere of the computer room on New Year’s Eve. When the bell rang at 0: 00, the number of calls suddenly increased. It turned out that many users called to pay New Year greetings to her and her comrades-in-arms. She tried to make "thank you" as calm and standardized as usual into the microphone, but there were two lines of tears slowly flowing on her face. Not homesick, but excited, because there are so many people still thinking about themselves and their comrades. At that moment, she felt a sense of sacredness that she had never felt before.
  On the following New Year’s Eve, she still managed to find a leader to apply for duty. Of course, it can’t be said that it is "experience". She said: Let new comrades call their families. I have experience in working night shifts on New Year’s Eve, so I’d better do it. In this way, she sticks to listening to the New Year’s bell ringing in the computer room every year, and can only send distant thoughts and blessings to her loved ones in her heart.
  We have to play songs for them. According to the news from the headquarters, in 2006, more than 2,000 professionals took part in the online remote synchronous comprehensive evaluation of the three specialties of artificial telephone network, namely, telephone service, maintenance and picket, with an average score of 98.8 and an excellent rate of 100%, which was the best level in the history of telephone service professional training of the whole army.
  We cannot but be moved by them. China traffic female soldiers danced on their fingertips, affecting the nerves of the silver line and conveying the orders of the CPC Central Committee and the Central Military Commission to the soldiers of the three armed forces; They use a string of numbers to solidify into constant loyalty, so that an army that is heading for victory will always be alert. Well done, China traffic female soldiers!
Several "Most" Female Traffic Soldiers
  They are the same age as flowers, and they are wonderful everywhere they go. When they entered the military camp with colorful dreams, their unique beauty flowed everywhere in military uniforms, bugles, military songs, computer rooms, dormitories and fitness rooms.
  What I miss most: the day when I answered the phone every day
"My biggest fear is that there is no phone when I am on duty." Many female soldiers said that although most of the time when the phone is cold and silent occurs in the early hours of the morning, they dare not take it lightly. Du Ruili, who just graduated from the military school, said that when she was an operator, she always felt that it was boring to answer the phone every day. But after she was admitted to the military school, she missed those days of answering the phone every day. The female soldiers said that they all feel the same way. On the day of vacation at home, they will definitely rush to answer the phone. Grab the microphone, which may become a "professional habit" that permeates their blood.
  Worship: the top business people around you.
"Almost everyone of us has our favorite idols, but the most admired ones are the business experts around us." In the military camp, a place where socialist core values are highlighted, those singers and movie stars will certainly look a little bleak. Li Qiong, a female soldier, said: "Compared with the past, I always feel that after I put on my military uniform, I am so close to the country at once. It is said that military personnel are a dedicated profession. If the business is not good, what dedication will it take?" However, she also revealed privately that comrades who are unwilling to fall behind will always find some of the most popular CDs to enjoy when they have time.
  The happiest: the literary evening shows its own talents.
The happiest time is the literary evening, where they can appear on stage with their own talents. Like this, female soldiers are tied up in piles of units, and they never worry about performances without programs. It’s too easy for them to have a party. They can use newspapers, sheets, curtains, garbage bags and other things to give a fashion show with ingenuity; They can also put the little things around them into a sitcom, which will be applauded on stage and off stage.
  The saddest: when the veterans retire once a year.
Say happy, you may ask, they never cried? Of course, they also like to cry, such as making mistakes on duty and failing to get the place in the competition. However, when they shed the most tears, it is the annual veterans’ retirement season. One by one, they cried in tears, sobbing, their faces were bleak, and the sky was dark. Many cadres were afraid to see the touching scene because they could not control their tears every time. (Tian Yongli)
Happy female soldiers are wonderful.
  Some people may say that young and beautiful young female soldiers are enclosed in the "three-foot machine" with high information technology density all day, thinking about the phone number in their minds, listening to a few words in their ears, tapping the keyboard in their hands and repeating "hello" and "where do you want" in their mouths. How can they be happy and wonderful? But in fact, happiness is really an easy thing for female traffic soldiers, and high-intensity traffic training will also make them create some pleasures. Because happiness is their nature.
  "Qiaonv" is also crazy.
Li Qiao, an operator of a communication terminal in Guangzhou Military Region, is recognized as a beauty. In her early twenties, she has a devil figure and an angel face. But "Qiaonv" got an indecent nickname-"Madman".
Things have to start with a holiday dinner. On that day, Li Qiao left in a hurry without eating two meals, still mumbling, and his comrades-in-arms shouted no. I didn’t know until I caught up with him. Li Qiao invented a set of "crazy training method" that combines listening, speaking and memorizing. Because I couldn’t remember a group of numbers for a while, I was in a hurry to go back and look for information. The problem was quickly solved, and "Qiaonv" and "Madman" were also hard to get together.
Li Qiao enjoyed herself and practiced crazily with her "crazy training method". She found humorous jokes and practiced answering the phone while playing them, in order to "protect against all poisons" and enhance her anti-interference ability; All the popular songs in MP3 are replaced by "voice question bank", and even when I go to the bathroom, my ears are training to "know people by listening to their voices". She also created a set of "five-time memorization method" to deal with complicated numbers … Everyone said that Li Qiaolian’s "work" was possessed-during the half-month training, she insisted on reading newspapers for 3 hours, typing for 6 hours and memorizing telephone numbers for 9 hours every day. There are only six poor hours left in a day for her to wash, eat and sleep, and she has to go through it again before going to bed at night to consolidate all the contents of the day in her mind.
However, whether it’s a "smart girl" or a "madman", after the training, Li Qiao memorized nearly 3,000 sets of telephone numbers, and many users she had never met became her "acquaintances", and her five strokes reached 220 words per minute. These achievements are obvious to all. In the grand contest organized by the military region, Li Qiao won the title of "No.1 in traffic" in one fell swoop, and the "madman" turned into a "Mulan" with prestige in all directions.
  Shy roses are burning.
At noon one day, a group of 18-and 19-year-old recruits chirped back to the dormitory at a communication terminal in the Tibet Military Region, and immediately became quiet with a "wow"-a big bunch of red and burning roses were placed on the desk. How can girls not be surprised when they join the army and come to the plateau and see roses for the first time?
"Zou monitor, your boyfriend is so romantic!" A word made the dormitory explode. Zou Yaju, the usually reticent traffic monitor, was full of arguments and flushed with anxiety.
After some explanation, everyone realized that the oxygen in the plateau is relatively thin, which affects the memory, and memorizing the phone number is the basic skill of the attendant, requiring everyone to memorize more than 2000 sets of phone numbers and related business information. Zou Yaju see in the eye, anxious in the heart. She heard a comrade-in-arms say that the fragrance of roses can help enhance her memory. She didn’t know whether it really worked, so she paid for it and asked someone to buy dozens of them.
The girls were moved by the good intentions of monitor Zou, and they worked harder on telephone training. Clever, they also invented "homophonic memorization", "image association" and "fun memorization", and made boring and complicated numbers into stories, jokes, jingles, three and a half sentences and tongue twisters to help them remember.
"I (5) train (46) I (5) work hard (51)", "Two (2) ears (33) stand up (1) (76)" … If you hear them mumbling like this, don’t be too surprised, it’s that they are practicing shorthand.
  "Love" storm
For a time, Hou Xiaoxiao, a female soldier of a communication station in the Beijing Military Region, was always whispering and smiling at everyone. Just born with a thick voice, she speaks softly and sweetly all day, which makes people feel uncomfortable.
After a long time, the parents at the other end of the phone heard the clue: it must be a boyfriend! On the phone, mother and daughter befriended: "What fun have you had recently? Let’s hear it."
Hou Xiaoxiao screamed and said with a smile: "No!" I talked about love without telling my parents, and the news suddenly reached the instructor.
It’s amazing that someone is secretly in love under their noses! The instructor made an unannounced visit, and it soon became clear that Hou Xiaoxiao was born with a hoarse voice. To get over this hurdle, he must correct it like a child. In order to get on duty as soon as possible, Hou Xiaoxiao followed the announcer to learn pronunciation, practiced mouth shape in front of the mirror, practiced speaking speed with a newspaper, and his mouth was never idle from morning till night. Training has become a habit, and everyone is holding their voices when they meet. No wonder they are mistaken for being in love. However, Hou Xiaoxiao practiced his lips blistered, but his pronunciation was standard and sweet.
On one occasion, a head officer went to the call center to inspect the work and said, "If you want to talk about’ problems’, there is one …"
The female soldiers quickly spread out their small books, took out their pens and waited anxiously for the following.
"That is …" The female soldiers wrote down word by word.
"That is, all the voices you hear belong to one person, and you can’t tell who is who … Now that you are here, you know that you are a group!" Everyone turned upside down when they heard it.
  "disco" on the keyboard
Recently, in the training classroom of the telephone training team of a communication terminal of the Second Artillery Corps, there are always waves of strong "disco" music. Are the female soldiers dancing during training?
In the transparent training classroom, I saw rows of female traffic soldiers sitting in danger, their fingers flying flexibly on the keyboard, and the keystroke was buried in the music. This is clearly training, where is dancing!
It turns out that once the attendant is connected, he is required to sit in front of the computer like learning to play the piano. From sitting posture, hand shape to fingering, he develops correct habits with one stroke and one type, and reaches the level of Chinese character input of more than 100 words per minute when he is on duty. In order to improve the typing speed, the female soldiers tried their best. Hao Xiaoman, a traffic sergeant of a certain unit, summed up the "simple method", "phrase method", "five strokes method" and "full spelling method" for data entry of connecting calls, and it was many times faster than in the past. No, the female soldiers of the training team also used "disco" music in training. They constantly speed up the music rhythm, and the typing speed is also constantly improved.
The keyboard "disco" has received good results, but the female soldiers are also very tired. After training for more than 10 hours a day, my shoulders were so sore that I almost lost consciousness, and my arms were so painful that I couldn’t even rub my clothes, but the optimistic girls didn’t say a word of fatigue. Write home, they call themselves "elegant pianists"; Parents asked on the phone why the words on the letter were crooked, and they said that Chinese characters had recently practiced "drunken boxing"; Sometimes the fingers are so swollen that they can’t even comb the messy hair. They explain that "there is a kind of fashion called messy"; The slender fingertips have worn out blood bubbles and calluses, but they jokingly said disapprovingly that "white onions will also open small flowers." After all, because they are a group of happy traffic female soldiers! (by Jia Jiang Na)
Female soldiers’ story meeting
  Perhaps, the three-foot machine is a bit monotonous and mysterious for ordinary people. Then, let’s listen to the stories related to the three-foot machine.
  Telephone "chasing" the train
During a military exercise last year, a head of the Second Artillery Corps urgently needed to find a leader of a secondary department. Liu Fei, a noncommissioned officer of a communication terminal of the Second Artillery Corps, received the exercise command in time after receiving the call. But the former comrade told me that the minister had boarded the train back to Beijing and his mobile phone was turned off. She also connected the phone to a military representative office along the railway, and the other party told the train that it had left. So she used her usual professional skills and related information to quickly put the phone on the speeding train, and finally got in touch with the minister. The chief repeatedly praised: these female soldiers really deserve their reputation!
  Send a message for the soldiers guarding the border
  Mao Yijie, a Xibo girl, is a non-commissioned officer at a communication terminal in the Inner Mongolia Military Region. When on duty at midnight, the family of an old chief wanted to find a cadre of a certain regiment in the border defense and told his mother that he was critically ill. The phone has been transferred several times, and the signal is not good, so the voice becomes very low and the two sides can’t talk. Mao Yijie passed it on from generation to generation, and finally conveyed the meaning of his mother’s critical illness to himself. At the end of this difficult call, her voice was "smoking".
  "I really have a sense of accomplishment!" Mao Yijie is still very emotional when talking about this matter. "My little work can make the soldiers on the border thousands of miles away less regret that life can’t make up for."
  Help the chief find his lost comrade-in-arms
When Zhu Huali, a petty officer of a communication terminal in Nanjing Military Region, was on duty, a retired old Red Army called: "Girl, please help me check the Nanjing Military Academy, where Liu Bocheng was the dean in the early days of the founding of the People’s Republic of China. I want to find the family of an old teacher at that time. She was my old comrade-in-arms. I have something urgent to find her. Will you check it for me? "
After receiving this call, Zhu Huali thought that as long as there is a name, there is no one who can’t be found. So, she took the trouble to call the switchboard of the college formerly known as Nanjing Military Academy, and found nothing. Later, an operator of the national defense university switchboard suggested that she look for the school history museum of the school. Sure enough, in the school history museum, Zhu Huali helped the old Red Army find her long-lost comrade-in-arms. (Nangeng)
(This version of the photo is provided by Wen Jinjun, with the title: efficient photo)

Editor: Cao Jin