Network broadcast+| The plan for one year lies in the new journey of spring following the general secretary.

On February 4th, beginning of spring, the earth was blooming in spring, and everything was new in the world. CCTV’s "Network Broadcast+"specially combs the old sayings quoted by the general secretary, and enjoys poetry and spring with you to realize the power of spring.

[Source]Tang Li Bai’s "Sunset Remembering the Mountains"

[Enlightenment]Spring is the beginning of the year, and spring is known to the world. The general secretary quoted this sentence to show people a wonderful picture of spring returning to the earth, everything reviving and the future being expected.

[Source]Tang Wangwei’s The Mountain and Pei Xiucai’s Dishu

[Enlightenment]Spring is a season full of confidence. The general secretary quoted this sentence to express people’s yearning and expectation for the Spring Festival.

[Source]Song Shi Le Zhi Qi

[Enlightenment]The spring breeze is getting warmer and warmer, and everything comes with life, marking a new starting point for hopes and dreams. The general secretary quoted this sentence and called on people to fight for their dreams and work together for the future.

[Source]Jin Chen Shou’s Biography of the Three Kingdoms Wei Zhi Xing Qing; Song Ouyang Xiu’s Fengle Pavilion

[Enlightenment]People are diligent and spring comes early, and forging ahead is just the time. The general secretary quoted this sentence and called on people to start from spring, advance their work at a steady pace, and exchange their unremitting efforts for fruitful autumn harvest.

[Source]Tang Li Bai’s Shang Li Yong

[Enlightenment]The journey is long, only struggle. The general secretary quoted this sentence to mobilize and inspire the whole party and the people of all nationalities in the new journey to continue to work hard for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, forge ahead courageously and create greater glories.

[Source]From the Warring States Period to the Qin Dynasty, Yanzi Chunqiu, Inner Chapter and Miscellaneous Xia

[Enlightenment]Every undertaking, big or small, needs to be done down-to-earth and bit by bit. The general secretary quoted this sentence and called on people to work hard and work hard for a long time with a never-ending mental state and an indomitable attitude.

(Central Radio and Television General Station CCTV Network)

Special Feature: Finding the Way in the Changing Situation —— Review of the International Situation in 2019

  Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, December 19th Special feature: Finding the way in the changing situation — — Review of the International Situation in 2019

  Xinhua News Agency reporter Ban Wei

  In 2019, the second decade of the 21st century is coming to an end.

  This year, the world was full of chaos and challenges: the game between big countries intensified, the governance deficit increased, and the world economy continued to slump. The characteristics of the accelerated evolution of the "great change in a hundred years" are more obvious: the dispute between multilateralism and unilateralism is more acute, protectionism and populism are surging against the current, and power politics and bullying are rampant everywhere.

  This year, globalization and multipolarization are still moving forward with heavy burdens in twists and turns, and a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation is emerging. More and more countries are seriously thinking about what choices should be made in the contest between cooperation and confrontation, multilateralism and unilateralism, and openness and closure.

  The Sound and the Fury

  The change of the "2019 edition" shows that the game between big countries has obviously warmed up.

  Near the end of the year, NATO held a "70th birthday party". However, American leaders repeatedly complained that "NATO is out of date", demanded NATO member countries to substantially increase their military spending, and called the EU an "enemy" of trade. France said that NATO experienced "brain death" and so on, which made the party "play inharmony", and the wrestling of all parties increased. NATO tasted the birthday cake with "trust deficit".

  The German newspaper Le Monde said: "NATO is now threatened from within." Gusev, director of the Russian Institute of Strategic Planning and Forecasting, said: "The complicated relationship between the United States and NATO allies complicates the current international relations."

  This is the latest epitome of the widening rift in traditional relations in western countries. In one year, the G-7 held a summit, but only issued a "one-page statement" that lacked substance, highlighting internal differences and weak influence. As the world’s largest economy, the United States has repeatedly opened new fronts in the global trade war. After announcing the imposition of tariffs on EU aviation and agricultural goods, it plans to retaliate against French digital tax … …

  During the past year, Russia hoped that Russia-US relations would return to normal, but frankly this situation has not yet appeared, and relations with the United States are "regressing and getting worse and worse". Although Russia and Europe have released in good faith from time to time, improving relations is facing challenges. Japan’s Diplomatic magazine said that "cold peace" seems to be becoming the new normal of bilateral relations.

  The change of the "2019 edition" shows that anxiety, tearing and chaos are staged in many parts of the world, and the uncertainty is further increased.

  Political struggles in Latin American countries have intensified, and governance problems have become prominent; The confrontation between Iran and the West and the Syrian conflict are intertwined, which intensifies the turmoil in the Middle East and presents a peace deficit. Britain’s "Brexit" has been delayed for a long time, revealing social tears and institutional difficulties; The United States continues to "retreat from the group" and tries to make the United States "great again" through unilateralism and protectionism, which has impacted the international order.

  The change of the "2019 edition" is also manifested in the continued downturn of the world economy. Georgieva, the new managing director of the International Monetary Fund, said that trade disputes, Britain’s "Brexit" and the uncertainties brought about by geopolitical tensions are inhibiting the global economic growth potential. IMF predicts that the global economic growth this year will be the lowest since the international financial crisis in 2008.

  The sunshine behind the dark clouds

  In the changing world, people can still touch the development force in the deep dive. The light coming out of the clouds still indicates the general trend of global development.

  In the face of changes, "everyone is also looking for new alternatives and ways out." Zheng Yongnian, a professor at the Institute of East Asian Studies at the National University of Singapore, pointed out that it is a general trend for more countries to jointly promote multilateralism while some western powers are pursuing economic nationalism and unilateralism.

  This year, in the face of counter-current, globalization is making efforts to take new steps. On November 4th, the Third Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (RCEP) leaders’ meeting issued a joint statement, announcing that the 15 member countries had concluded all text negotiations and virtually all market access negotiations. The publication of the joint statement marks a major breakthrough in the construction of the East Asia Free Trade Area with the largest population, the largest membership structure and the greatest development potential in the world, highlighting that multilateralism and free trade are still the mainstream in the world.

  Yu Jie, a senior researcher at the Royal Institute of International Affairs, believes that the breakthrough in RCEP negotiations plays an exemplary role in solving the development problem of economic globalization and sets an example for developing countries to seek the right to speak in global governance.

  Earlier, the construction of a free trade area on the African continent was officially launched, and the "marathon" negotiations between MERCOSUR and the EU Free Trade Agreement finally came to fruition. Today, with the increasing downside risks of the world economy, more and more countries realize the importance of maintaining free trade and a rules-based multilateral trading system for hedging risks and seeking growth.

  This year, the world saw the trend of the continuous development of multipolarization. In the great changes, emerging markets and developing countries, represented by BRICS countries, are constantly rising, which has injected strong impetus into the reform of the global economic governance system and effectively promoted the process of world multipolarization.

  This year, the world saw that a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation was emerging. The limit of growth has always been a haze lingering over the development of human society. Nowadays, people are increasingly seeing the bright future of innovation-driven solution to the development difficulties.

  In the past year, the world began to enter the stage of 5G commercial deployment, and the transformation of old and new kinetic energy accelerated; AI intelligence in all fields has provided a broad blue ocean for economic development; New breakthroughs have been made in quantum computing, and its prospects are limitless. The new scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation have provided more opportunities for countries to achieve leap-forward development, and also made it an inevitable logic for countries to increasingly blend interests, share common destiny and win-win cooperation.

  人类群星闪耀时

  回望2019年的国际风云,中国理念、中国方案、中国贡献,作为顺应和推动全球发展大势的重要力量,在乱局中引领方向。

  中国主张和担当为多边主义、多极化和完善全球治理注入强大正能量,推动构建新型国际关系。

  一年间,国家主席习近平7次出访,主持4次主场外交。元首外交维护世界和平,促进共同发展,捍卫多边主义。从二十国集团领导人峰会到中法全球治理论坛,从“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛到金砖峰会,中国维护多边主义、加强全球治理、推动世界多极化主张引发广泛共鸣。国际上的事应该由大家商量着办,不能由一国或者少数几个国家说了算,成为越来越多国家的共识和心声。

  谈及中国在当今世界格局中的作用和地位,法国前总理拉法兰说,中国扮演着非常重要的角色,是世界经济增长的引擎。中国参与构建新型多边主义,助推亚洲以及非洲在国际体系中的地位提升。

  中国以实际行动,为建设开放型世界经济作出表率。

  第二届中国国际进口博览会在6天里,累计意向成交711.3亿美元。“越办越好”的进博会,交易的是商品和服务,交流的是文化和理念,种下的是开放、合作、共赢的种子。

  布鲁金斯学会约翰·桑顿中国中心主任李成认为,不论是“一带一路”建设,还是第二届中国国际进口博览会,中国都更多体现出包容性增长理念,强调共同发展、共享经济,这表明中国并不是一花独放,而是愿与世界共同发展。

  中国倡导的构建人类命运共同体理念,为追寻人类文明的群星闪耀指明方向。

  “这是最好的时代,这是最坏的时代。”在一首今年风靡网上的歌曲中,一名中国草根歌手借用英国作家狄更斯的名句,唱出人们对当今矛盾世界的感悟。

  就世界如何应对风险与挑战、寻求平等与共赢、消除傲慢与偏见,中国给出答案:既需要经济科技力量,也需要文化文明力量。在构建人类命运共同体的目标引领下,倡导多元文明共生并进,用文明对话促进沟通与理解,将让人类前进的道路越走越宽广。

  “当前,世界多极化、经济全球化、文化多样化、社会信息化深入发展,人类社会充满希望。”习近平主席今年5月在亚洲文明对话大会开幕式上的这番话,针对充满不确定性的当今世界,发出提振信心的强音。(参与记者:栾海、张骁、王丽丽、桂涛、徐永春、韩茜、刘品然)

How does love affect our lives?

Original title: How does love affect our lives?

Love is one of the most beautiful emotions in life, which has a far-reaching impact on our lives.

First of all, love can bring happiness and happiness. When we fall in love, our brains release chemicals such as dopamine, which makes us feel happy and happy. These chemicals can make us feel more relaxed and happy, so that we are full of enthusiasm and vitality for life. Secondly, love can also bring growth and change. When we fall in love with someone, we will work hard to better meet each other’s expectations, so as to promote our continuous progress and growth. At the same time, we will be inspired and influenced by each other’s advantages, so as to change our own shortcomings and deficiencies. Finally, love can also bring pain and trouble. When we lose love, we will feel heartache and loss, and even lose confidence and hope in life. In addition, love will also make us face various challenges and difficulties, such as communication, trust, mutual support and so on.

Love is a double-edged sword, with both good side and painful side. Let’s learn to face the challenges and difficulties in love while enjoying the happiness and happiness brought by love.

Editor in charge:

Ha ha ha ha ha ha ha ha! Those jokes caused by "occupational diseases" must be seen by migrant workers!

Tell everyone a joke.

"It’s Friday today, and I won’t go to work tomorrow."

Ha ha ha ha ha ha ha ha

Disease control jun, I’ll laugh first.

Fridays are always wonderful.

In such a good mood

Why don’t we have a few more jokes to help-

Those "occupational diseases" in life

I dowaiterI have been doing this for a long time. On my classmate’s birthday, we went out to eat. In the middle of eating, the next table shouted."waiter". I suddenly stood up and replied "Hello!" Is this the legendary occupational disease?

taxi driverAfter working for eight years, I went to the supermarket by private car one day and saw someone waving a taxi by the roadside, so I turned right and went straight to others, stopped by them, and then drove away silently without thinking.

Today, I went to the supermarket to buy a bowl. The cashier’s sister said, "Two dollars and five cents". I didn’t have change and gave a ten-dollar bill, sister.I’ll just pass the bowl when I get the change, and thenThe cashier sister laughed and the people in line at the back laughed. Alas. Occupational disease, I can’t afford to hurt.

Working outside

Have you ever made a joke because of "occupational disease"?

We often ridicule "occupational diseases"

But in fact, these are not real occupational diseases.

Let’s talk today.

Occupational disease in the true sense

so

What is a real "occupational disease"?

China has the largest working population in the world.

New occupational health hazards are constantly emerging.

Some migrant workers have to be exposed to all kinds of harmful factors.

Coupled with physical and psychological pressure.

So I got a real "occupational disease"-

industrial diseaseRefers to the employees of enterprises, institutions, individual economic organizations and other employers in their professional activities,Diseases caused by exposure to dust, radioactive substances and other toxic and harmful substances.

The legal occupational diseases in China mainly include (10 categories, 132 kinds):

Occupational pneumoconiosis and other respiratory diseases

Occupational dermatosis

Occupational ophthalmopathy

Occupational otorhinolaryngology and oral diseases

Occupational chemical poisoning

Occupational diseases caused by physical factors

radiation induced diseases

Occupational infectious diseases

occupational cancer

Other occupational diseases

How to judge whether you have occupational diseases?

Refer to these four standards

(1) there must be a factual employment relationship with the employer;

(2) must be produced in the course of engaging in professional activities;

③ It must be caused by contact with dust, radioactive substances and other toxic and harmful factors;

④ It must be the occupational diseases listed in the occupational disease classification and catalogue published by the state. (I won’t list them one by one if there are too many)

Common occupational diseases include these

Do you know?

1. Occupational-related lung diseases, such aschronic bronchitispneumonectasisWait;

2. Bone and soft tissue injuries, such as many forced posture operations such as standing and sitting.Low back pain, shoulder and neck pain, scoliosis, tenosynovitisWait;

3. Career-related heartVascular diseaseFor example, the detection rate of hypertension in high temperature workers is higher than that in non-high temperature workers, and the incidence and mortality of coronary heart disease are increased due to exposure to chemicals such as carbon monoxide and carbon disulfide;

4. Reproductive dysfunction, such as exposure to lead, mercury and carbon disulfide, can lead tobe born prematurelyandabortionThe incidence rate increased;

5. Digestive tract diseases, such as coal miners.Gastrointestinal ulcerThe rate is higher than that of the general population, and high temperature workers can causeIndigestionThe incidence of other diseases has increased.

Don’t want to get occupational diseases

How should workers correctly prevent it?

Stay away from occupational hazards

Workers must take precautions first.

this6 doses of "vaccination"Please accept

Vaccination 1:

Before taking up their posts, workers should sign with the employer.labour contract;

Vaccination 2:

Abide by the occupational health post of the employing unit.operating instructionOr something else.safety regulations;

Vaccination 3:

Persist in homework.Correct use of occupational disease protection articles, such as dust masks, anti-noise earplugs, etc.; (Refer to previous tweets: How important is protective equipment? Know these personal protective equipment and protect occupational health. I will act! )

Vaccination 4:

Participate in the organization of the employer in time.Occupational health examinationAccording to the requirements of medical institutions, timely review relevant occupational abnormal items;

Vaccination 5:

If you find any illness or abnormality that may be related to your occupation, pleaseCheck or consult with professional institutions in time.;

Vaccination 6:

⑥ Take an active part in the activities carried out by the employer.Occupational disease prevention knowledge training, or through the media, the network search knowledge of occupational diseases, improve their awareness of protection. (PS: Pay attention to "Shenzhen Longgang Disease Control", where there is a lot of occupational disease knowledge)

done

That’s the end of today’s popular science

Have a nice weekend, worker!

—recommended in the past—

END

Source: CDC trends in China, CDC in Sichuan and CDC in Longgang.

Part of the picture comes from the internet, and the copyright belongs to the author.

Produced by Shenzhen Longgang District Health Education Institute

Operation service: Jing newspaper office

A Super Practical 2018 Examination Calendar: June and October are the most intensive examinations.

  China Jiangxi Net News reporter Shen Guannan reports that the exam is not complete, but it can effectively urge lazy cancer patients. Recently, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security issued a notice announcing the work plan for the qualification examination of professional and technical personnel in 2018. 2017 is coming. Do you have any plans for the new year?

  Opportunities are often reserved for those who are prepared. Here, the reporter from Jiangxi Network in China has compiled a calendar of super-practical examinations for you in 2018, wishing everyone to become a "Kao Ba" in 2018 and win the spearhead in the examination room.

  January:

  May 20: GRE test

  6, 7: 2017 Teacher Qualification Interview

  6th, 13th, 18th and 20th: IELTS.

  6, 13, 27 and 28: TOEFL test

  21st: TOEIC exam

  February:

  1st, 3rd, 10th and 24th: IELTS test.

  2 nd: GRE exam

  4th: TOEFL test

  25th: TOEIC exam

  March:

  3rd, 10th, 15th and 24th: IELTS test.

  3rd, 10th, 11th, 24th and 31st: TOEFL test.

  April, 17th and 30th: GRE test

  17th: TEM8 (TEM8)

  18th: TOEIC exam

  April:

  14th and 28th: GRE test

  14th and 15th: Consulting Engineer (Investment)

  14-17: Computer Application Level Examination

  15th: TOEIC exam

  15th and 21st: TOEFL test

  21st: TEM-4 (TEM4)

  21st and 22nd: assistant real estate agent, real estate agent.

  May:

  5th and 6th: Registered Architect (Class I and Class II)

  5-7 days: professional qualification of nurses

  6, 12, 19 and 26: TOEFL test

  12-20: Accounting (Elementary)

  12th and 13th: Registered Architect (Grade I)

  13th, 20th and 27th: GRE test

  19th and 20th: Qualification of supervision engineer, environmental impact assessment engineer and translation major (Grade I, II and III).

  20th: TOEIC exam

  26th and 27th: Health (primary and intermediate), computer technology and software (primary, intermediate and advanced)

  June:

  2nd and 3rd: Professional qualification of health (primary and intermediate) and banking professionals (primary and intermediate)

  2, 10, 23 and 30: TOEFL test

  7-9: National College Entrance Examination

  7, 15 and 29: GRE test

  9th and 10th: Assistant social worker, social worker, motor vehicle inspection and maintenance engineer.

  16-21: Computer Application Level Examination

  16th: CET-4 and CET-6 written test (undetermined, usually the third Saturday in June).

  17-23: Practitioner (practical skills, undetermined, this is the time of 2017)

  23rd and 24th: registered surveyor (Grade I) and land registration agent.

  24th: TOEIC exam

  Late stage: senior high school entrance examination (different provinces and cities)

  July:

  1, 7, 8 and 14: TOEFL test

  May 5 and 15: GRE test

  15th: TOEIC exam

  August:

  25th: Certified Public Accountant (comprehensive stage)

  25th and 26th: TOEFL test

  26th: TOEIC exam

  26th and 27th: Medical practitioners (comprehensive written test, undetermined, this is the time of 2017).

  September:

  1, 7, 14 and 28: GRE test

  2, 8, 9, 15 and 16: TOEFL test

  8th and 9th: registered nuclear safety engineer, registered equipment supervisor, registered surveyors, accountant (intermediate and advanced).

  15th and 16th: Architect (Grade I) and Appraiser.

  23rd: TOEIC exam

  October:

  12th, 21st and 26th: GRE test.

  13th: Publication (primary and intermediate)

  13th and 14th: real estate appraiser, assistant inspector of highway and waterway engineering, experimental tester, auctioneer (paper and pen answer), licensed pharmacist (pharmacy, traditional Chinese medicine), certified public accountant (professional stage).

  13th, 14th, 20th, 27th and 28th: TOEFL.

  20th: Communication (Primary, Intermediate)

  20th and 21st: registered urban and rural planner, assistant real estate agent, real estate agent, registered civil engineer (geotechnical engineering, port and waterway engineering, water conservancy and hydropower engineering (5 majors)), registered public equipment engineer (3 majors), registered chemical engineer, registered environmental engineer, registered structural engineer (level 1) and certified public accountant (European test area).

  21st: Registered Institution Engineer (Grade II), Audit (Junior, Intermediate and Advanced) and Statistics (Junior, Intermediate and Advanced)

  27th and 28th: Professional qualifications of cost engineer (intermediate), registered surveyor (ships and offshore facilities, fishing vessels), registered safety engineer (intermediate) and banking professionals (primary and intermediate).

  28th: TOEIC exam

  November:

  3, 18 and 23: GRE test

  3rd and 4th: Economics (primary and intermediate level) and translation professional qualification (first, second and third level).

  4th, 10th, 11th, 17th, 24th and 25th: TOEFL test.

  10th and 11th: registered fire engineer (level I), computer technology and software (primary, intermediate and advanced), tax agent.

  17th and 18th: auctioneer (actual operation), tender (final exam)

  17-20: Computer Application Level Examination

  25th: TOEIC exam

  December:

  1, 8, 15 and 16: TOEFL test

  2, 14 and 22: GRE test

  October: written national civil service examination (undetermined, this is the time of 2017)

  15th: CET-4 and CET-6 (undetermined, usually the third Saturday in December)

  15-20: Computer Application Level Examination

  23-25: National Postgraduate Entrance Examination (undetermined, this is the time of 2017).

  16th: TOEIC exam

Protect and restore the excellent environment, picturesque Lijiang River scenery is new.

The 10 kV cross-river power grid lines from Di Yang to Xingping, the core scenic spot of Lijiang River, have all been demolished, and the green power facilities and landscape resources of Lijiang River have been integrated and developed. Reporter Liu Jiaoqing photo

□ Our reporter Liu Qian

On October 15th, 2023, the Department of Ecological Environment of the Autonomous Region and the Guilin Municipal People’s Government held a press conference on the ecological environment quality report of the Lijiang River, and released the 2022 Lijiang Ecological Environment Quality Report (hereinafter referred to as the Report) for the first time. The Report comprehensively summarizes the experience and practices of Lijiang River protection, scientifically evaluates the good situation of Lijiang River protection, and looks forward to the bright future of protecting Lijiang River. Guilin, as a prefecture-level city, issued a report on the quality of ecological environment, which is the first in China, marking a new stage of protecting the Lijiang River and Guilin’s landscape, and is a milestone in the historical process of Lijiang River protection.

A river with clear water and green hills on both sides. Between mountains and rivers, it is related to "the country’s greatest." Lijiang River is the source of life for Guilin’s survival and development, and it is also the best witness of urban ecological protection and green development.

Since 2021, Guilin has kept in mind the entrustment, deeply practiced the concept of "Lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets", insisted on protecting the Lijiang River and Guilin’s landscape as its political responsibility and bottom line requirements, managed the ecological environment with the strictest rule of law, continuously and accurately "controlled chaos", systematically and accurately "controlled water", deepened the precision "controlled scenery", protected the authenticity and integrity of the Lijiang River, and closely followed the beautiful scenery, green development, harmonious coexistence and harmony. As the only typical river management model in China, the Lijiang River Basin was praised by the Inspector General of the State Council.

New achievements have been made in ecological environment protection of Lijiang River.

Over the past two years, Guilin has made great efforts to cultivate the advantages of ecological environment, do a good job in the ecological environment protection of the Lijiang River basin, and strive to build the Lijiang River into a model of comprehensive river management in China and a world-class model of ecological environment protection, and build a modern and beautiful Guilin with Chinese style in which man and nature coexist harmoniously, so that nature can give the Chinese nation this magical and beautiful treasure to be preserved forever.

Since 2017, the national surface water assessment section of Lijiang River Basin has maintained Class II or above water quality for six consecutive years, and the water quality is excellent, with an excellent ratio of 100%. The water environmental quality of surface water assessment section in Guilin has been ranked in the forefront of the country for many years. Focusing on improving and improving the quality of water environment, Guilin strengthens source control and land and water planning, scientifically manages the surface water environment in different regions and stages, and systematically promotes water pollution prevention and control. Strengthen the source control, implement the project of "improving the quality and carrying forward" the surface water quality, and investigate the sewage outlets entering the river in the urban built-up areas. Implement urban and rural governance, complete centralized sewage treatment in the urban section of Lijiang River, transform the municipal pipe network in the old residential areas in the urban section of Lijiang River, continuously promote the comprehensive treatment of 10 tributaries in the urban section of Lijiang River, and basically realize the full coverage, collection and treatment of sewage pipe networks in urban villages, old residential areas and urban-rural junctions. The urban sewage collection rate is over 80%, the centralized treatment rate is over 99%, and the proportion of black and odorous water bodies is 100%.

At the same time, Guilin insists on coordinated gas management, and the ambient air quality continues to improve. Promote the prevention and control of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) pollution in key industries, and 115 VOCs-related emission enterprises have completed the installation of pollution control facilities. Implement the "Skynet" project of motor vehicle exhaust, and become the only city in the whole region to realize the coverage of remote sensing monitoring points in all counties (cities, districts); Take the lead in the implementation of scoring system management for motor vehicle emission inspection institutions in the whole region. We will promote the efficiency and quality improvement of the brick-making industry, strengthen the supervision of brick factory enterprises, carry out the rectification of waste gas emission standards, supervise and monitor the stable discharge of major pollutants in brick factories, and push the illegal information of enterprises to law enforcement departments. We will spare no effort to protect the pure land and keep the quality of soil environment stable. Strictly control the risk of soil pollution in construction land, carry out on-site inspection on the safe use of construction land, and the safe use rate of key construction land is 100%.

After unremitting protection and restoration, today, the Lijiang River Basin has complete ecosystem types, diverse community structures, rich biological resources and many endemic species. There are about 3,100 known vascular plants and more than 600 terrestrial vertebrate wild animals. In 2022, a new species, Rana guibeiensis, was discovered in Maoershan Nature Reserve. The Lijiang River Basin has established 1 national nature reserve, 5 autonomous region-level nature reserves, 2 scenic spots, 3 forest parks, 1 wetland park, 2 geological parks, 1 world natural heritage site, 2 aquatic germplasm conservation zone, and 2 national monitoring stations for terrestrial wildlife epidemics.

Accurately "control chaos" and jointly enforce the law to "escort" green mountains and green hills.

In the early morning of March 25th, 2023, it rained heavily. The law enforcement patrol boats of the Comprehensive Law Enforcement Detachment of Lijiang Scenic Area slowly sailed out of the dock, and at the same time, the patrol boats of maritime affairs, fishery administration and public security also quietly sailed out of their respective docks. The purpose of this joint law enforcement is that law enforcement departments receive reports from the masses and conduct inspections and strikes against the behavior of electric fish in Lijiang River.

The ecological management of Lijiang River is a complex and grand project, which needs to be solidly promoted with systematic thinking and long-term vision, and needs the full cooperation of management departments. In March 2023, under the leadership of Lijiang Scenic Area Management Committee, Guilin established a joint law enforcement team composed of Lijiang Scenic Area Management Committee, public security, maritime affairs, fishery administration and tourism supervision departments, which constituted a new working pattern of "sharing resources, complementing each other’s advantages, promoting each other and protecting Lijiang".

Law enforcement departments have established mechanisms such as joint meeting system, joint law enforcement system, special meeting system and information sharing system to carry out joint cruise activities. In addition, it also cooperated with the local governments to standardize and enforce the law on the destruction of the ecological environment on the beaches of coastal islands, issued a notice prohibiting barbecues, picnics and littering, comprehensively cleaned up the hygiene of the river beaches, and standardized the order of tourists’ sightseeing and vehicle parking.

In addition to gathering the joint efforts of the law enforcement departments of Lijiang River, we also set up a four-level Lijiang River grid management mechanism of "city, county (district), township (town) and village (neighborhood) committees" to unite the village committees along the Lijiang River, mobilize the masses to report and supervise, and set up joint law enforcement stations in front to deal with problems in time, so as to play its role of "clairvoyance" and "clairvoyance". "Like this electric fish behavior, the masses first discovered it and then reported it to 110, and multiple departments conducted joint investigations." Liu Xiaohong, instructor of the Fifth Brigade of the Comprehensive Law Enforcement Detachment of Lijiang Scenic Area, said.

Idle and scattered "Gui Gui Yu" ships are a historical problem on the Lijiang River, and also a key and difficult point in the regulation of the Lijiang River. The Party Working Committee and Management Committee of Lijiang Scenic Area thoroughly practiced the concept of "two mountains", taking Yangshuo County as the entrance, and adopted fishing boat acquisition and one-time subsidy to clean up and dismantle fishing boats. In 2022, the comprehensive law enforcement detachment of Lijiang Scenic Area cooperated with Yangshuo County to carry out a special campaign to clean up and rectify the "Gui Gui Yu" ships in the main stream of Lijiang River, and dismantled 155 "Gui Gui Yu" ships according to law, which improved the scenery along the Lijiang River.

In recent years, with the promotion of special rectification work, the beautiful scenery of "green mountains, green waters and egrets" has reappeared one by one.

"The ecological environment is good, and there are more and more egrets." The hearts of law enforcement players are full of sense of accomplishment. With the in-depth development of the series of special actions of "controlling chaos, water and scenery", the "Lijiang Ecological Defence War" has been reported frequently, and egrets have become frequent visitors to the Lijiang River. The comprehensive law enforcement detachment of Lijiang Scenic Area has become the "Guardian of Lijiang River" guarding the clear water and green mountains, and has successively won the titles of "Civil Servant Collective Satisfied by the People", "National Advanced Collective of Administrative Law Enforcement" and "National Women’s Civilized Post".

Persist in protecting the ecological authenticity of Lijiang River landscape

Maoershan, which stretches across the northern part of Guangxi, is known as "the crown of five mountains and the top of South China". It is here that the world-famous beautiful Lijiang River was born.

Guarding this green mountain is the police of Maoershan Police Station of Ecological Environment Protection Branch of Guilin Public Security Bureau. They are the "mountain guards" in the new era here.

Established in 1981, the Maoershan police station has become the guardian of the source area of Lijiang River. "In the past, the villagers’ awareness of environmental protection was not enough. They all relied on mountains to eat mountains, and poaching occurred from time to time. The law popularization work for fellow villagers is something we have to do every year. Now the ecological environment of Maoershan is getting better and better. More and more tourists come to Maoershan, which has promoted the development of the local economy. The villagers have seen it and consciously become the staunchest supporters of protecting the ecological environment of Maoershan. " Zheng Yongming, director of the Maoershan police station, said.

"With the implementation of the ecological restoration project, the environment in our village has been greatly improved, and there are more tourists. Everyone is more confident to increase income and get rich by developing rural tourism!" The ecological restoration of Lijiang River has been unanimously praised by the villagers in Xingping Fishing Village, Yangshuo County.

Accelerating the implementation of ecological restoration and upgrading project is to maintain the authenticity and integrity of Lijiang River ecology to the maximum extent. The third phase of Guilin karst ecological restoration project was fully completed, with 8 ecological restoration sites covering an area of 57,000 square meters. After the restoration of the third phase of the project, the ecological restoration of the Lijiang River has achieved remarkable results. The ecological landscape environment and rural living environment of Xingping fishing village in Yangshuo have been greatly improved, and the occupancy rate of villagers’ homestays and the number of tourists received by farmhouses have increased significantly.

There are 97 households with 384 residents (villagers) in the island of Leech Island and the big and small continents on the Lijiang River. For a long time, the island’s garbage facilities are not complete, the living environment is poor and the ecosystem is very fragile.

In order to make the environment of Duanzhou Island in the urban area of Lijiang River cleaner and more beautiful, and further maintain the authenticity and integrity of the landscape ecology, from November 2021 to June 2022, our city invested 30 million yuan to implement the first-phase ecological restoration project of Leech Island and Daxiaozhou Island, completed the sewage interception project, completely solved the problem of sewage discharging directly into Lijiang River, and ecologically restored 52,000 square meters of green plants, which greatly improved the living environment of ordinary people.

In 2023, the second phase ecological relocation project of Lijiang Island continued to advance in an orderly manner. Our city has set up the joint headquarters of the ecological relocation project in Leech Island, established the weekly regular meeting system, raised hundreds of millions of yuan, and carried out ecological relocation for 97 households (villagers) in Leech Island and various continents. In the next step, we will further speed up the work related to ecological restoration in various continents.

Whether it is the persistent figures of Maoershan, the optimization of the living environment of the villagers in Yangshuo fishing village, or the gratifying change of the greening of Lijiang Island, it is a vivid microcosm of the ecological protection and restoration of Lijiang River Basin in Guilin.

Guilin has continuously strengthened planning guidance, systematic management, strict control and scientific utilization, maintained the authenticity and integrity of the landscape ecology of the Lijiang River, intensified ecological restoration and environmental management of the Lijiang River basin, and cared for this treasure land endowed by nature to the Chinese nation.

Since 2023, in order to better enhance the landscape effect and dress up the "beautiful face value" of the Lijiang River, the management committee of Lijiang Scenic Area, power supply and maritime affairs departments have continuously accelerated the rectification of cross-river cables in the core scenic spots of the Lijiang River, and carried out the demolition of cross-river lines through the landscape integration of power facilities in the core basin of the Lijiang River, so that the new mechanism of green power facilities construction and landscape integration development of the Lijiang River will benefit the people along the river. By December 2023, 12 river-crossing cables, including Mingcun in Yanshan District, Laocuntou in Xingping, Dahebei, Ergendi, Lengshui Village, Shangtaoyuan Village to Langzhou Village and Dahebei to Fishing Village in Yangshuo, have been successfully demolished, and all the 10 kV river-crossing power grid lines in Di Yang-Xingping section of Lijiang River core scenic spot have been demolished. At present, 24 power grid projects have been planned to support the grid structure after the demolition of the river-crossing lines, and the work of replacing electric energy for Lijiang tourism has been promoted in an orderly manner, so that tourists and people along the Lijiang River can enjoy green travel, green tourism and green life.

"Mountains, rivers, forests, fields, lakes, grass and sand" to build a solid ecological foundation

2022年6月7日,财政部会同自然资源部、生态环境部公示全国第二批山水林田湖草沙一体化保护和修复工程竞争性选拔项目名单,桂林漓江流域山水林田湖草沙一体化保护和修复工程项目以第4名的成绩从全国19个参与竞选省份项目中脱颖而出,成功入选。

实施桂林漓江流域山水林田湖草沙一体化保护和修复工程,是深入贯彻落实习近平生态文明思想、提升漓江流域生态保护修复水平、加快打造桂林世界级旅游城市的具体举措。桂林市3年将获得上级奖补资金31.6亿元。这充分体现了中央和自治区对桂林、对漓江保护修复工作的高度重视。

漓江流域山水林田湖草沙一体化保护修复工程,是广西第一个纳入国家“十四五”期间山水林田湖草沙一体化保护和修复工程项目。该工程以漓江干流及9条支流为脉络,以南岭山、架桥岭等主要山脉为骨架,以猫儿山自然保护区等12个自然保护地为生态关键点,划分漓江上游、中游和下游3个生态保护修复分区,共14个保护修复单元,安排生态保护修复8类修复工程,共83个子项目。工程实施期3年,可以系统提升漓江全流域、全要素的生态环境质量,增加生态产品供给,提高生态产品价值,打造生态文明建设样板。

In 2023, Guangxi hired experts in the fields related to ecological protection and restoration of grass and sand in landscape forest fields and lakes, set up an expert consulting team, and transferred the technical guidance group of the special class for the formation of technical backbones from Guangxi Natural Resources Ecological Restoration Center to carry out ecological adaptability technical guidance for the Lijiang River landscape project sub-project.

At present, Guilin has fully integrated the source and coastal forests of the Lijiang River into the management of ecological public welfare forests, implemented Pearl River Shelterbelt (Pearl River Basin Comprehensive Management Shelterbelt), returned farmland to forests, forest phase transformation, etc., completed afforestation of 1.635 million mu, built a hundred-mile ecological demonstration belt on the east bank of the Lijiang River, implemented the project of "greening, colorization, flowering and fruitization", and completed the upgrading and transformation of a number of tourist terminals.

There are more forests, and wild animals are gradually thriving. Dishui Village, Di Yang Township, located on the east bank of the Lijiang River, has many mountains and few fields, and the ecological environment is good. Wild monkeys often come to the front and back of the village to "feed", and people and animals live in harmony. There have never been any injuries to monkeys or monkeys in the village. Protecting monkeys means protecting the ecology of Lijiang River. This consensus reached by the villagers has been praised by many people.

Today’s Lijiang River, water, stones, grass and trees are natural. Birds are singing and flowers are fragrant, fish are swimming in the shallow bottom, and the beautiful picture of sky blue, green water and clear water has become the normal state of Lijiang River. It can be predicted that the beautiful scenery of the Lijiang River in the future will remain clear and flow forever.

Source: Guilin Daily

Reporting/feedback

Willful! The highest water level is 197.26 meters. Swimmers insist on "experiencing drifting" and refuse to rescue.

  CCTV News:Heavy rainfall has caused the water level of many rivers to rise. On July 13th, the flood peak of Jialing River passed through Chongqing, which exceeded the warning water level. In the afternoon, the command center of fire brigade in Beibei District of Chongqing suddenly received an alarm, saying that there was a figure in the flood peak of Jialing River. After receiving the alarm, rescuers quickly took the assault boat to the rescue, but unexpectedly, it was a different situation.

 

  When the flood peak crossed the border that day, the highest water level reached 197.26 meters, which exceeded the warning water level by 2.76 meters. There are some floating objects on the Jialing River, and there are also many undercurrents and eddies below the seemingly smooth river. Rescuers quickly put the assault boat into the water and searched for the drowning person along the river. After nearly an hour, they finally found several figures in the water at Beibei Water and Soil Wharf.

  Rescuers: "Master, catch the lifebuoy."

  Swimmer: "No, no,no."

  Rescuers: "Are you swimming? Are you swimming? "

 

  Swimmer: "Yes."

  Wang Zhi, Squadron Leader of Chengnan Squadron of Beibei District Fire Brigade, Chongqing: "They told us that they came from other places to experience such an act of flood peak drifting, and they belonged to the Swimming Association. At that time, they did refuse to rescue them and refused to let us film them."

  Firefighters were escorted by assault boats in the flood peak.

  There were seven people in the water. Due to the rapid current, the firemen’s assault boat was almost overturned by the flood peak many times. Despite their repeated patient persuasion, these seven people refused to go ashore. Two of them first agreed to go ashore, and within a few minutes, they jumped into the flood again.

 

  Wang Zhi, Squadron Leader of Chengnan Squadron of Beibei District Fire Brigade, Chongqing: "At that time, we had no way to restrict them. We could only say that we protected them through our means."

  Legal expert: swimmers occupy and waste public emergency resources. 

 

  Firefighters carefully drove the assault boat in the flood peak, while paying attention to the state of these seven people in order to rescue them in time. Nearly an hour later, these seven people finally landed. Rescuers reminded that fire and water are ruthless, so don’t risk your life in the flood peak. Legal experts also said that the behavior of these swimmers is a waste of public emergency resources.

 

  Wu Ruqiao, Associate Professor and Doctoral Supervisor of Chongqing University Law School.: "This behaviorFrom the point of view of swimmers, they should say that it is difficult to constitute an illegal act, but emotionally and rationally, their behavior is very inappropriate., one isDisrespect for one’s own life. The other one isIt wastes our public resources and puts our firefighters in such a dangerous situation.. In this case,I suggest that we can even consider letting these swimmers bear the time cost, economic cost and other related costs incurred by firefighters.. "

Which fashionable electric car is suitable for girls? New day lifts the new trend of "retro futurism"

2024 is a popular new product, and New Day Moses 3.0 sets off a new trend of retro technology aesthetics. Can you imagine that the beauty of the design of an electric car can combine "retro aesthetics" with "future technology" and combine "technology precipitation" with "future technology" to the extreme?

Based on the hot market background of Moses series, combined with the real feedback from merchants and users, New Day Moses 3.0 is further upgraded and developed with the concept of retro futurism. With more elegant retro style and modern advanced technology, it has recently created a high-value female car, which is fashionable, elegant and beautiful.

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The interweaving of future and past, fashion and retro.

The design of New Day Moses 3.0 is inspired by the retro design of the Beatles, and the high windshield front panel is fashionable and practical, highlighting the strong retro style. The exterior color matching of the vehicle adopts 18th century French classics.rococoartwindLattice]Camellia White/Luoden Frost Green, Roman Green, Rabbit Ear Powder/Plum Powder, Lime White/Oak Brown, etc. are fashionable and retro, which are the romantic aesthetics favored by artists and the most comfortable 6:3:1 gold color scheme recognized in the world, making people full of exquisite, elegant, gorgeous and delicate visual enjoyment.

Not only is the appearance of the color scheme elegant and profound, but the details of the design are also adopted by Niigata Moses 3.0."High-gloss mirror paint", 4 times spraying, 5 times baking, paint luminosity ≥ 90, more shiny and textured. Paired with those commonly used for jewelry decoration."Bright silver plating accessories"With 15 technological processes, 100+ polishing and 10h+ electroplating, it has better oxidation stability, can effectively prevent oxidation and corrosion, and is more beautiful and upscale.

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From the past to the future, alwaysStick to the performance experience

Under the extreme style and high-value appearance, it is a high-profile configuration with full experience. In terms of power, Moses 3.0 is equipped.High performance motor, the power output is stronger; Double hydraulic shock absorption before and after, minimizing the bumpy feeling caused by rough and bumpy roads, and creating electric motorcycle-level comfortable riding. The night riding experience of the vehicle is also very comfortable, with retro rounded headlights and front and rear turn signals, all-round.360 laser lighting system, with stronger brightness, wider visual range and longer illumination distance.

Vehicle seats are made of high-quality delicate leather 3D wrapping design.Palm leather cushionAfter 36 tanning processes, it is more water-resistant and wear-resistant, with good elasticity, comfortable and delicate feel, and it is not easy to produce scars or deformation. Combined with the cloud cushion technology, the high-density rebound sponge with a thickness of 70mm gold is soft and fits the hip curve. The vehicle also supportsBluetooth inductive unlockingOne-button reversingAnd other intelligent functions, girls with small strength can also start and stop easily, comfortable and elegant throughout.

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For many users, fashion sense can be said to be the first important factor affecting car purchase decision. An electric car with a good appearance can be more enjoyable and meet various needs such as wearing. On the other hand, New Day Moses 3.0 not only has a good face value, but also every detail, including style design and riding performance, gives people an exquisite and practical experience, allowing functionalism and emotional value to coexist. Let’s get off to a good start in the Spring Festival of the Year of the Dragon and turn comfortable and elegant travel into a daily routine ~

Will there be an extreme cold wave this winter due to the "cliff-like" cooling and snowfall in many places?

  "Extreme cold waves are more likely to break out."

  After the "cliff-like" seasonal cooling during the National Day, a new round of cold air followed after the holiday, bringing strong winds, cooling and rain and snow to the central and eastern regions of China. According to the Central Meteorological Observatory, on the 10th, the impact of cold air was coming to an end. However, there were still moderate to heavy rains and local heavy rains in eastern Jilin and eastern Heilongjiang. There are sleet or small to medium snow in the northeastern part of Liaoning, the eastern mountainous area of Jilin and the southeastern mountainous area of Heilongjiang, and there are heavy snowstorms in the eastern mountainous area of Jilin.

  Despite psychological preparation, the temperature drop in early October exceeded expectations, and some areas experienced record-breaking heat and cold overnight in winter. From blowing air conditioners to wearing long trousers, people can’t help wondering: Why did the cold wave come so early this year?

  The temperature in many places in the south is "big diving"

  On October 2, the Central Meteorological Observatory issued a blue warning of cold wave, which is the earliest cold wave warning issued in the second half of the year since the Central Meteorological Observatory officially launched the early warning release mechanism in 2010. From 14: 00 on October 2 to 20: 00 on October 6, the temperature in most parts of central and eastern China generally dropped by 8 ~ 12℃, and the temperature in central and eastern Inner Mongolia, Northeast China, most of Shaanxi, Huanghuai, Jiang and other places dropped by 12 ~ 16℃, and the local temperature dropped by more than 18℃.

  When the cold wave in the north hit and the temperature dropped sharply, most areas in the south were still as hot as midsummer, and they were in the yellow warning of high temperature, with the local temperature reaching above 40℃. 470 national meteorological stations such as Hefei, Nanchang, Changsha and Hangzhou also broke the record of the highest temperature in October. It is understood that this is also the first time in history that two early warnings of high temperature and cold wave have been released at the same time.

  When the cold air drives straight, the temperature in many places in the south "dives", and the temperature in some areas such as Anhui, Hubei and Jiangsu even drops by more than 20℃. First, it experienced the hottest in the same period in history, and then it experienced a "seasonal" cooling. Many netizens in the south said that it seemed to be a day from summer to winter.

  After the National Day holiday, a new cold air continued to hit, which was accompanied by rain, snowfall and windy weather. From 8th to 10th, a new round of strong cold air will affect the central and eastern regions of China, and the lowest temperature in some northern regions will hit a new low since autumn. In addition to cooling, it also brings strong winds, rainfall and snowfall.

  On the 10th, the impact of cold air came to an end, but there was still cooling and rain and snow in the northeast. On the 11th, the lowest temperature in Guangdong fell below 10℃, and the lowest temperature in most parts of the province hit a new low in the second half of the year.

  This is a crisp autumn in October, and the cold air continues to exert its strength. Many places in China have "seasonal cooling". Why? Zhang Tao, chief forecaster of the Central Meteorological Observatory, analyzed that in the first half of the National Day holiday, the subtropical high was unusually strong and had a large influence range, and the highest temperature broke the historical extreme value in some parts of the north and south, showing a warmer trend on the whole. Under such circumstances, a strong cold air cut down from the low altitude of the subtropical high from north to south, the ground temperature dropped sharply, and the cold and warm air confronted each other, resulting in rainy weather along the Huaihe River, and the continuous rainy days led to the coldest day in the same period in history.

  The recent frequent cold air activities will have an impact on the drought in the Yangtze River basin in China. Peng Jingbei, a senior engineer in lasg, analyzed that, on average, the precipitation in autumn in the Yangtze River basin is less than that in summer. Precipitation often occurs in areas where cold and warm air meet. When the cold and warm air forces are equal, it is easy to have continuous precipitation. However, since October, China has been hit by strong cold air one after another. On October 8-9, windy weather appeared in Beijing and other places, with gusts of 7-9 and local level of 10. Such a strong wind shows that the cold air is strong, and in this case, it is not easy to sustain heavy precipitation in the southern region. "In fact, on October 5-9, the temperature in the Yangtze River basin was more than 4 C lower than normal, but the meteorological drought in the Yangtze River and its south remained."

  Will it be colder in winter?

  After experiencing the latest high temperature warning and the earliest cold wave warning in history, many netizens are worried that autumn is already very cold, will it be colder this winter and will it experience extreme cold wave?

  Earlier in September, the United Nations World Meteorological Organization (WMO) predicted that La Nina, which began in 2020, would last until the end of this year, which would be the first "triple" La Nina phenomenon in the 21st century.

  In fact, as early as April-May this year, the Institute of Atmospheric Physics of Chinese Academy of Sciences used the scientific apparatus Earth System Simulator to predict that La Nina events will occur for three consecutive years in 2022-2023, and provided accurate prediction and early warning to relevant departments. In the spring and summer of 2022, the sea surface temperature in the tropical Middle East and Pacific Ocean has been in a relatively cold state all the year round, and the coldness has further intensified since autumn. The latest forecast results show that the current La Nina state will continue and develop in autumn and winter in 2022, reaching its peak in winter.

  Will the influence of the new round of La Nina be greater than that of the past two rounds? Zheng Fei, a researcher at the Institute of Atmospheric Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, said that it is impossible to judge at present. On the one hand, there are few examples of La Nina events for three consecutive years in history, so it is impossible to give a statistical conclusion; On the other hand, the intensity of this La Nina event will be in the category of moderate intensity, and how to develop and influence China’s climate in the future still needs to be predicted continuously to enhance its credibility.

  At the end of September, Xiao Chan, deputy director of the National Climate Center, said at the regular press conference of China Meteorological Bureau that under the background of global warming, the frequency of warm winters has increased since 1986. In the winter after La Nina incident, there were years when the temperature was low. The main characteristics of the abnormal temperature in winter were: the temperature in most parts of the country was lower than normal, especially in northern North China, southern Northeast China, most of southern China, eastern and northern Southwest China, and most of northwest China. After the La Nina incident, the winter precipitation in China mainly shows as follows: a large range of precipitation is less, especially in the eastern part of Northeast China, along the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, in the southern part of Southwest China, and in northern Xinjiang. There is more precipitation in the northern part of southwest China and the eastern part of northwest China.

  However, Xiao Chan also pointed out that La Nina event is only one of the external forcing factors that affect China’s winter climate. China’s winter climate is also affected by Arctic sea ice, Eurasian snow and other factors, and the natural variability within the atmospheric system also plays an important role. The Meteorological Bureau will strengthen the judgment and provide more detailed forecast opinions in late October.

  Zheng Fei believes that under the synergistic influence of La Nina event and the warm Arctic Ocean, the cold air activity in China is likely to continue to be strong this winter, and it is prone to staged low temperature and extreme cold events. At present, based on the warm Arctic sea temperature in the previous period and the possibility of La Nina events in the future, it is predicted that the temperature in some parts of northern China will be slightly lower this winter, which may lead to staged low temperature due to the influence of staged cold air, and the possibility of extreme cold wave outbreak is high; In some parts of the south, there is the possibility of disasters such as low temperature, freezing, rain and snow, so we need to be vigilant and raise our awareness of prevention.

  Luo Jingjia, a national distinguished professor of Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, also said in an interview with Modern Express that for East Asia, the winter under the influence of La Nina will be colder. However, the emission of carbon dioxide is increasing, and the degree of coldness may not be so obvious compared with the previous La Ni? a event, which may not cause a very cold winter, but its cooling may be reflected by the occurrence of a cold wave phenomenon. "Therefore, we should pay special attention to the number and intensity of possible cold waves this winter."

  Expert: Extreme cold events tend to increase.

  In the past summer, there were rare high temperature and heat waves in all parts of the northern hemisphere. Most parts of China are also shrouded in high temperature, and high temperatures above 40 C continue to appear in many places. Global warming, why is there a strong cold wave?

  Many experts said that there is no contradiction between strong cold wave and global warming. It is in the context of global warming that the climate is more unstable, with the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events such as rainstorm, high temperature heat wave, drought and flood in summer, extreme low temperature and cold wave in winter increasing. For example, from December 2020 to January 2021, China suffered from extreme cold waves one after another, resulting in large-scale cooling and extreme low temperatures in many places.

  Zhao Liang, a senior engineer in lasg, told China Newsweek that from the statistics of frequency, in the past 20 years, the number of cold wave days in winter in China showed a downward trend as a whole, but there was a great difference in time and space. Spatially, the reduction of cold wave days mainly occurred in the south, but the number of cold wave days in the north, especially in the northeast, did not decrease. In time, the frequency of strong cold waves is more in the first half of winter, and the reduction of cold waves is mainly concentrated in the second half of winter (February).

  It is worth noting that since 2008, the average minimum temperature of the coldest winter period in eastern China, that is, the strongest cold wave events every year, is lower than that in the 1980s and 1990s, that is to say, the strong cold wave events have an increasing trend.

  Zhao Liang further analyzed that the change characteristics of cold events in China are closely related to the important changes of atmospheric circulation and polar system in the northern hemisphere caused by global warming. Among them, the warming of the Arctic in winter and the cooling of the mid-latitude continent — — That is to say, the warm Arctic-cold continent phenomenon is an important change pattern. This phenomenon has an important connection with the outbreak of extreme cold events in mid-latitudes, including China, especially aggravating the strong cooling events in northern China.

  "With the persistence of global climate anomalies, it seems that the extreme cold (cold wave) event in the northern hemisphere in winter has been ‘ Home-cooked meals ’ . But there is great uncertainty about where and when it will happen, "said Yao Yao, an associate researcher at the Institute of Atmospheric Sciences. The continuous increase of greenhouse gases has made the earth warmer and warmer, and the atmosphere on which human beings depend has become increasingly unstable. For the northern hemisphere, polar vortex will become unstable more easily in winter. Under the guidance of favorable atmospheric circulation system, cold air will break through the westerly jet barrier more easily and frequently, and then be transported to middle and low latitudes, causing extremely cold (cold wave) weather.

  For the early warning of extreme cold events, Zheng Fei stressed that short-term weather forecast and climate trend forecast for more than two weeks should be strengthened to improve the prevention and early warning of freezing rain and snow disasters. At the same time, agriculture, animal husbandry, energy and transportation industries need to pay close attention to the early warning of freezing rain and snow disasters and formulate effective preventive measures and emergency plans.

What if the car is not easy to start in winter?

In winter, it is often difficult to start a car. If you encounter this situation, you can try to press the accelerator while turning the key to light the fire. This method is very effective, but when the car starts, you should pay attention to loosen the throttle properly, because excessive stepping on the throttle will cause damage to the car. If this method still fails to solve the problem, there may be the following reasons:

1. The battery is short of electricityIt is the most common reason that makes it difficult to start a car in cold weather. The lower the temperature, the lower the battery capacity. Generally speaking, the life of a battery is about 3 years. When the engine is difficult to start, the headlights are dim or the horn sound is unclear, you should check whether the battery is short of electricity.

2. The exhaust pipe is frozen

It is also a common problem. If the car is used less frequently and the route is shorter, the water vapor after engine combustion will freeze in the exhaust pipe, and short-distance driving is not enough to melt it. After a night, there will be more ice, which will affect the starting and exhaust of the vehicle.

3. Poor performance of engine oil or incorrect selection.

It may also lead to difficulties in starting the car. In winter, the viscosity of engine oil increases greatly, which leads to the increase of internal resistance of engine. Therefore, low viscosity engine oil should be used to cope with the cold weather in winter.

Note that the above method is only applicable to the situation that the car is difficult to start. If the problem still exists, please contact professional car maintenance personnel for inspection and maintenance.